Why do you need seedling picking

why do you need seedling picking Blog

It is difficult for a novice vegetable grower to deal with a lot of terms and concepts known to any experienced gardener.

What is a pick?

Pick – transplanting seedlings of plants from one container to another, to a new place of residence.
At the initial sowing, it can be difficult to arrange the seeds at an equidistant distance from each other. The percentage of germination and their uniformity is also not great.

Seeds are sown densely for another reason: saving space at the initial stage. As the seedlings grow, they need a larger area of ​​nutrition for normal development. So that the seedlings do not interfere with each other, do not stretch into thin strings, experiencing a lack of light, they need to be transplanted (dive).

At what stage of growth should a pick be made?

This procedure is usually performed at the stage of appearance of true (rarely at the cotyledon) leaves on the seedlings. Cotyledons assimilate nutrients, so their formation is an important stage in the life of a plant. When transplanting seedlings, you should be extremely careful not to damage them. Damage to at least one cotyledon leaf leads to a lag in development of the plant.

Picking favors the strengthening of the roots of seedlings. After its implementation, the seedlings are healthier and stronger. It should not be delayed with holding, otherwise the roots may intertwine, and the sprouts themselves will become brittle. It has been experimentally established that the older the plant, the worse it tolerates transplants.

The main task of picking is to increase the area of ​​\u200b\u200bnutrition that seedlings need. Thanks to picking, seedlings, by the time of transplantation, the soil can reach a certain phase of development.
For individual vegetable crops, their optimal seedling feeding area has been determined.
Tomato, pepper and eggplant have enough food area – 8×8; celery is placed – 4×4 cm; cabbage on the square – 6 × 6 or 8 × 8; pumpkin needs – 12 × 12 cm.

Seedling allows you to get earlier production, by reducing the growing season of the plant in the open field. At the same time, with the help of a transplant, it is possible to delay the development of growth by about two weeks. This is convenient in cases where the seedlings are ready for planting, but weather conditions do not allow this. In such cases, so that the seedlings do not outgrow, they are transplanted from one container to another.

What vegetable crops need a pick?

Tomatoes , the most popular crop among vegetable growers, need a mandatory pick. The root system after its implementation branches, respectively, becomes stronger. When transplanting tomatoes, there is no need to specially cut off the tips of the roots, some of them are already pinched. To obtain stronger seedlings, it is advisable to plant the plants in separate cups or pots.

Plant transplants with a fibrous root system are easily tolerated – cabbage , tomato, pepper quickly take root in a new place. It is much more difficult for plants with a tap root system, for example, eggplant – transplantation is difficult to endure, they get sick. When transplanting in plants with a tap root, its tip is necessarily pinched. This procedure stimulates the formation of fibrous roots.

There are plants that do not tolerate picking at all. Pumpkin crops, cucumbers are sown immediately in containers (paper or peat pots), where they are grown until 3-4 true leaves are formed, then transplanted directly into open ground.

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