What greens can be grown on the windowsill?

what greens can be grown on the windowsill Blog

Homemade greens on the table in the winter are healthy and tasty. In a period when the body is exhausted, I really want a piece of summer and this is within the power of everyone, you just need to master the techniques of growing greenery on the windowsill.

home growing greens

To grow herbs at home you will need:

  • Planting containers. These can be wooden boxes, pots, plastic containers or even cups.
  • Soil for planting (for growing vegetables), it is best to purchase it at the store.
  • Drainage materials: expanded clay, pebbles.
  • Mineral fertilizers are selected based on the planted crop.
  • Spray.
  • Polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect.
  • Lamp.

Often seedlings should be placed on windowsills, with good access to sunlight.

You can grow greens from seeds, cuttings, bulbs (in the case of onions).

What to look for when choosing seed material? For home cultivation, undersized, early ripe, bushy crops are suitable. Give preference to seeds with an early expiration date, they have better germination than old seed.

What greens can be grown on the windowsill in winter

At home, you can grow various greens: Garlic, onion, dill, cilantro, parsley, marjoram, lemon balm, oregano, basil, celery, mint cilantro, spinach, mustard, lettuce, watercress, rosemary, chervil, stevia, thyme, tarragon, sorrel.

Rules for growing greens on the windowsill, practical recommendations

Greenery

Light compensation

In winter, it is very important to compensate the plants for sunlight. In winter, additional lighting is required in the evening, for an additional 5 hours; on sunny days, greenery needs additional morning lighting. Greens need to arrange a full daylight hours at 15 o’clock.

Artificial lighting is placed 10-50 cm above the greenery. Light-loving plants are placed in close proximity. For convenience, you can use timers, thanks to them you can set the desired time to turn on, turn off the light.

Priming

The land used for a vegetable garden on the windowsill should be well fertilized, free of foreign debris. To help high-quality soil, it is necessary to purchase drainage material (pebbles, polystyrene, expanded clay, etc.) It will save the plant from root rotting.

Watering

In winter, due to the operation of heating systems, moisture from the soil evaporates rapidly, water containers placed around the seedlings will help to create additional moisture, and you can also periodically cover the radiators with wet towels. For each crop, watering is carried out based on the needs of the plant. It is better to water the plants with cold, settled water.

Top dressing with fertilizers

You can fertilize greens with organic and mineral fertilizers. Rainbow is the best option for home grown greens in winter.

In addition to the above, boxes with seedlings must be periodically rotated 180 degrees, for full nutrition with light, all the branches of the plant.

Growing dill

Dill

Dill is an integral part of almost every salad, so it is a frequent guest in every home.

Varieties that give a bountiful harvest for home cultivation:

  • Uzbek-243,
  • Gribovsky,
  • Armenian-269,
  • Kaskelensky.

To eat dill all winter, it must be planted in about a month.

Peat soil is good for dill, so that it sprouts well before sowing, the seeds are soaked for a day, while it is advisable to change the water every six hours. After soaking, the seeds are disinfected with a solution of manganese.

Landing

Soil is poured into the prepared containers, then the earth is moistened and seeds are sown in the furrows made, sprinkled with earth. The boxes are covered with polyethylene, the favorable temperature for sprouting dill is above zero degrees. After a week, the first shoots can be expected, as soon as they appear, the polyethylene should be removed.

seedling care

Care comes down to regular watering and daily spraying. Also, the soil needs to be loosened and the containers with seedlings rotated every day. To get a bountiful harvest, it is necessary to feed the greens with Rainbow fertilizer once every two weeks. A full harvest can be obtained in a week.

Growing parsleyParsley

There are two ways to grow parsley at home: by seeds and by planting a root crop.

The best varieties for home growing:

  • Aster,
  • Borodino,
  • Sugar,
  • emerald lace,
  • Harvest,
  • Fitness,
  • Beads,
  • Soothsayer.

Planting seeds

Before planting parsley in the soil, the seeds are wrapped in gauze and kept for 30 minutes under running water, then left for a day in a moist state. Drainage material is poured into the prepared containers, soil is put on top, grooves are made, the seeds are immersed in them by 0.5 cm, sprinkled with soil.

Aftercare

Before the appearance of the first sprouts, parsley is watered every other day, kept in a dark place. After the appearance of sprouts, the containers are transferred to a well-lit windowsill, the parsley is thinned to 4 cm. The greens are ready for use after reaching a height of 12 cm, as a rule, you can taste the parsley greens 45 days after planting.

Growing Rosemary

Rosemary

Rosemary is a beautiful, healthy spice. Growing rosemary at home is not easy, only one variety sprouts on the windowsill – fragrant rosemary. Rosemary seeds have poor germination.

Rosemary has a very branched root system, so spacious containers are needed for its planting. The soil should be slightly alkaline, have drainable material, and be fertilized periodically. Rosemary is one of the few plants that does not like abundant watering, but also does not tolerate drought. Rosemary flowers can be eaten so that the plant blooms, they are moved to a room with a temperature of about 15 degrees Celsius, while the plant is not watered and leaves are not cut off from it.

Landing

Before planting, the seeds are wrapped in gauze material, moistened, left for a couple of days in this state. The seeds are immersed in prepared containers with soil, after moistening the ground beforehand. The boxes are covered with polyethylene. It will be possible to expect seedlings in 2-4 weeks, after this period, if you do not see sprouts, plant the seeds again.

Aftercare

10 centimeter shoots dive, periodically the plant is transplanted into ever larger containers.

Rosemary can be propagated by cuttings, for this it is necessary to cut off the upper shoots. Shoots should be solid, have a slightly stiff structure. Next, the shoots are placed in water, the roots that appear give reason to plant rosemary in a container.

Growing spinach

Spinach

Spinach is a light-loving greenery, so its cultivation requires a well-lit place, south-facing windows. The optimum temperature for growing is 18 degrees above zero.

Landing technology

Immediately before planting, spinach seeds are soaked for about 12 hours and disinfected in a manganese solution for 2.5 hours. For planting, containers of at least 15 cm are required, soil for ornamental plants. Furrows 2 cm deep are made in the soil, seeds are immersed in them with an interval of 4 cm, sprinkled with earth.

Aftercare

After the emergence of shoots, seedlings should be watered abundantly and often, the leaves should be moistened. After 4 weeks of seedling growth, spinach is ready for use, about 2 cm of soil is poured into the remaining leaves. The grown crop will delight you for up to 1.5 months.

Growing Basil

Basil

Basil can be grown in two ways: by seed and by rooting the stems in water.

Planting seeds

It involves soaking the seeds two days before planting, while remembering to change the water. Once the seeds are soaked, they are planted in prepared soil, the box is covered with polyethylene and placed on windows facing south. Seeds germinate for a long time, as the plant is saturated with esters, and they slow down the growth process. Seedlings in the form of leaves are pinched for further rooting. During the growth of basil, with abundant growth, flowers appear on the plant, they need to be cut off, otherwise all the forces of the plant will go to them, and the desired leaves will be scarce.

Propagation by rooting stems

In water, it involves placing the shoot in a glass of water (the water needs to be changed), after five days roots will appear, the prepared sprout can thus be planted in a box.

The subsequent care of seedlings combines the observance of the temperature regime, it is equal to 25 degrees above zero, as well as daily gentle watering, and timely loosening. Basil does not like low temperatures, so it’s best not to let the thermometer read too low.

Growing onions

Onion

Even at school age, we conducted experiments on growing green onion feathers: we took a jar of water and immersed the bulb in it, after a while the desired feathers grew. It turns out that this growing technology is scientifically called “growing in hydroponics.” The peculiarity of this technology is the correct immersion of the bulb in water, if the vegetable is completely immersed, it will eventually rot.

Hydroponics technology

Before immersing the onion roots in water, scald it with boiling water, if there is a top, cut it off. We cut off the feathers that have appeared until the vegetable is wrinkled, then we replace the onion.

Growing onions in soil

In winter, due to the operation of the heating system, the soil in the boxes dries up quickly, so hydrogel is added to the soil to mitigate this effect. When planting bulbs in the soil, you should not immerse the head completely; for effective germination, it is enough to immerse the bulb by a third in the ground. So that the reserves of greens do not quickly deplete, you can plant onions in two containers. It is better to plant the second seedling two weeks after the first, then you will not have to wait for the harvest.

Growing oregano

oregano

Fine oregano is useful not only in cooking, being on the windowsill it kills the bacteria that have accumulated in the house, it also acts as a free flavoring. Oregano is a very light-loving plant, so you need to grow it on the sunny side. The plant does not like excessive moisture; when planted, peat and cultivator are added to the soil .

Oregano is grown in two ways: seeds and seedlings. Small seeds of the plant are sown in the prepared boxes, they should not be deepened much, they are distributed on the surface of the soil and lightly sprinkled with earth. Seedlings are expected in 15 days, the optimum temperature for growing on the windowsill is 20 degrees above zero.

Growing lettuce

Salad

Salad is a very desirable green on the tables, you can decorate food with it, and just enjoy a healthy snack. Leaf lettuce is very fond of sunlight, and if the cultivation falls in the winter, it definitely needs additional lighting. If there is no possibility for additional lighting, you can choose less light-loving varieties of lettuce: Lollo Rossa, Bionda, Vitamin, Golden Ball, Emerald Lace, Zarepad, New Year’s, Snowflake, Raspberry Ball. Another urgent need for growing is air humidity. If it is low, the taste of the leaves will be bitter, growth will slow down, the plant will shoot arrows.

Landing

For cultivation, boxes with a depth of 22 cm are suitable, before planting, the containers must be treated with a disinfectant solution, drainage material (synthetic winterizer, expanded clay) is placed on the bottom of the boxes. For growing lettuce, it is best to buy special soil, you can use garden soil, provided that it is fertilized with manure and peat. We mix the prepared soil with sand in proportion to one bucket of earth 1 kg of sand, wood ash, 1 tablespoon of urea, Nitrophoska. The resulting mixture is poured into boxes, moistened. Seeds are sown at a distance of 15 cm, to a depth of 1 cm. Then they are sprinkled, slightly compacting the surface of the soil. The planted seedlings are covered with polyethylene and placed in a well-consecrated place. Seedlings can be expected in a week, during this period they should be thinned out, after the appearance of leaves (2-3 pieces), the plant is thinned out again.

Care

It comes down to monitoring constant lighting, regular watering (determined based on the condition of the soil), periodic loosening, fertilizing. Fertilizer can be manure diluted in water 1 to 10.

Sorrel cultivation

Sorrel

Sorrel is an unpretentious green, it perfectly releases oxygen, any housewife is happy with it, as sorrel borscht reminds of the wonderful moments of summer.

Seed growing technology

Before planting, sorrel seeds are germinated, this procedure takes about 2 days. Sprouted seeds are planted in a container with soil at the rate of 6 cm between each other, sprinkled with soil.

seedling care

The optimum temperature for growing at the initial stage is +10 degrees, if desired, the temperature can subsequently be increased to +20. You need to water the greens based on the condition of the soil, do not allow it to dry out. Fertilizer for the plant can serve as a decoction of onion peel, coffee waste. Sorrel loves sunlight, adult greens are able to tolerate dark places. The harvest can please the gardener in a month. And for the entire cold period, you can harvest about three crops.

An unusual way to grow greens

This method requires a layer of clean cotton wool, put it on the bottom of the box and moisten it with boiled water (+35). Then we sow the seed material and cover it with a film. We transfer to a warm place, we get the so-called wet chamber. Sprouts can be seen after 7 days.

Vegetables you can grow on your windowsill

In addition to greens on the windowsill, you can grow vegetables:

  • carrot,
  • cucumbers,
  • tomatoes,
  • Bell pepper,
  • hot pepper,
  • beans,
  • garlic.

Growing cucumbers

Growing cucumbers

Not all cucumbers will grow at home, as some varieties need pollination or take a long time to ripen. Give preference to self-pollinating, early-maturing hybrids. It is best that they are bushy and shade-loving.

Suitable varieties for planting:

  • Mirinda F1,
  • Seryozha F1,
  • Claudia F1,
  • Onega F1,
  • F1 Legend,
  • Masha F1,
  • Connie F1,
  • Gribovchanka,
  • Athlete,
  • boyfriend,
  • Babylon,
  • Debut,
  • Flight,
  • April,
  • ragtime,
  • kinglet,
  • Cucaracha.

Growing conditions:

  1. Ensure a good supply of sunlight. To do this, place containers with seedlings on the south side of the house. If necessary, compensate for the lack of light with a lamp.
  2. Ensure timely watering, but do not overfill the soil.
  3. Comfortable conditions for a bountiful harvest, the air temperature is 24 degrees above zero.

Growing tomatoes

Tomatoes

For growing tomatoes on the windowsill, choose low-growing and small-fruited varieties. It’s still winter.

Varieties for home cultivation:

  • Canada news,
  • minibel,
  • Japanese room,
  • Bonsai micro,
  • yellow pearl,
  • red pearl,
  • Pinocchio,
  • Alaska,
  • Greenfinch,
  • Cherry Pygmy,
  • Liza,
  • room surprise,
  • balcony miracle,
  • Ildi,
  • Talisma.

When choosing seeds, be sure to find the inscription on the package: “for pot growing” or something like that.

Growing conditions:

  1. Sufficient light supply.
  2. The exclusion of dampness, including in the room where the vegetable is grown.
  3. Air temperature from +22 to +25.
  4. Regular watering, based on the needs of the plant.
  5. Turn the pot 180 degrees daily for symmetrical leaf growth.

Growing bell pepper

Pepper

Growing pepper at home is for patient gardeners, since you can only taste the first peppercorns after 5-6 months. But the bushes will delight from 2 to 3 years, so the effort and patience are worth it.

When choosing varieties, give preference to self-pollinating, early-ripening hybrids.

Recommended varieties:

  • Patio Ivo,
  • California miracle,
  • Jupiter F1,
  • Oh yeah,
  • Martin,
  • Winnie the Pooh,
  • Bulgarian-79,
  • Novoshary,
  • Moldovan gift.

Growing conditions:

  1. Access to sunlight, with a lack of additional lighting with a lamp.
  2. Exclusion of drafts, the optimum temperature for growing +20.
  3. Pest protection.
  4. Regular watering and loosening the soil.

Growing hot peppers

hot pepper

This amazing vegetable is unpretentious, ready to bear fruit for up to five years. As in other cases, when choosing seeds, attention should be paid primarily to early-ripening, self-pollinating varieties.

The best varieties for home growing:

  • Zmey Gorynych,
  • elephant trunk,
  • curiosity,
  • Astrakhan 147,
  • Ukrainian bitter,
  • spark,
  • spade lady,
  • Indian summer,
  • Carmen
  • Sweeties,
  • Super chili.

Growing conditions:

  1. Full lighting, supplementary lighting as needed.
  2. Good, fertile soil (available at a specialized store).
  3. Regular watering, do not allow the soil to dry out.
  4. Top dressing with fertilizers during fruiting.

Growing Beans

Beans

An unpretentious, ornamental plant sprouts easily and grows quickly, while it does not require titanic efforts on the part of the gardener. Fruits can be expected after 2 months after planting.

Asparagus bush beans are especially good for home growing:

  • Fatima
  • Triumph sugar 764,
  • Mask,
  • Zelenostruchkovy 517,
  • golden neck,
  • Or Violetta
  • Saks without fiber 615.

To grow beans at home you need:

  1. Boxes with a volume of at least 2 liters.
  2. Regular watering, loosening the soil.
  3. Top dressing with fertilizers (superphosphate, potassium chloride).

Growing carrots

Carrot

Harvest from a pot of this vegetable can be expected in 3.5 months.

  • parmex,
  • Sophie,
  • Granddaughter,
  • Amsterdam,
  • Round baby.

Growing conditions:

  1. Deep container for planting. In order for carrots to grow comfortably.
  2. The optimum temperature is +24 degrees.
  3. Drainage material under the soil, regular watering.
  4. Exclusion of direct sunlight.

Growing with your own hands brings joy, and when it happens in the winter, the joy is doubled, so there is no need to be afraid to try something new, learn and enjoy the fruits of your hands worthy work.

TRACTOR FARM
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