Types and varieties of zucchini – which zucchini is best for the garden?

types and varieties of zucchini which zucchini is best for the garden Blog

Zucchini is a unique vegetable. This unpretentious pumpkin culture visits almost any garden, everyone understands the benefits of eating zucchini. They are used in home preparations, in cooking, especially they are appreciated by diet lovers. Mexico is considered to be the birthplace of zucchini. A unique vegetable has many representatives. Varieties differ in yield, appearance, duration of ripening, taste.

The best varieties for planting in open ground

Store shelves are full of many different kinds of uncomplicated vegetables. How can a simple layman not make a mistake in choosing so that the efforts, time and money spent are not wasted?

The most fruitful vegetable names

The Cavili variety is a hybrid introduced by Holland. It grows well in open ground. Another obvious advantage is the ability to self-pollinate. This is very beneficial for areas with unstable weather conditions. Kavili does not overripe, well resists characteristic diseases.

The yield of Kavili reaches 9 kilograms per square meter. The mass of one zucchini is 350 grams, the length is 23 centimeters. The color of the vegetable has a light green tint, it looks similar to a cylinder. Kavili is planted in May or June, the harvest is expected on the 40th day from seed germination. When planting, the seeds should not be soaked, as they have been industrially treated with thiram.

Zucchini

Tsukesha variety. This variety is characterized by early ripening, the harvest can be expected after 45 days. It also has a high yield, it is equal to 12 kilograms per square meter. Tsukeshi seeds are sown in May, the fruit length is up to 30 cm, the average weight of one unit is 1 kg. The color of the fruit varies in dark green tones, with visible grains. The taste of Tsukesha is very delicate, juicy, slightly sweet.

Variety Iskander – tolerates low temperatures well. It can be planted in April and harvested in a month and a half. Iskander, a record holder for fruit productivity, harvests up to 15 kilograms from his bushes. Color – light green, size about 20 cm, weight – 600 grams. Despite the high productivity, the taste of the fruit does not suffer. The vegetables are saturated, the pulp is soft, the skin is thin.

Variety Aral – well resists low temperatures, thanks to this ability, its seeds can be sown at the end of May. Vegetation period 45 days. The color of the fruit is pale green, the weight of one unit is 800 grams, the maximum yield from one bush is 10 kilograms. This variety can be eaten immediately from the garden, as the flesh of the zucchini is very sweet. Among the shortcomings of the Aral, gardeners note an increased demand for watering.

Zucchini

Variety Ardendo – belongs to the category of early zucchini, ripening period – 45 days, seeds are recommended to be planted at the end of May. This Dutch hybrid is capable of producing a crop of 14 kilograms. The average fruit weight is 600 grams. With high fruitfulness, the taste of the vegetable does not suffer. Outwardly, Ardendo looks like a large, thick, pin, pulp – it has a greenish tint, sweet taste. The disadvantage of Ardendo is the high demands on watering, soil drainage, and mandatory fertilizing.

Bush-type varieties for open ground

Bush-type varieties are able to appreciate gardeners with limited land resources. Bush cultures do not take up much space, they are even able to coexist with other plants.

Variety Aeronaut is distinguished by compact bushes, resistance to pests. The color of the fruit is greenish, the length is 15 centimeters, the yield is up to 7.5 kilograms per square meter. Possesses excellent taste, is kept during transportation.

Variety Odessa. The shape of the zucchini resembles a cylinder, the color is light green, Odessa is practically not exposed to diseases and pests, has good taste characteristics, and is suitable for homemade preparations.

Zucchini

Variety Vodopad  is included in the category of early ripening varieties, is characterized by high fruitfulness and average pest tolerance.

Varieties of zucchini without seeds

Zucchini

The pulp in zucchini is the most attractive and healthy. Are there zucchini without seeds? Thanks to seeds, any culture is able to reproduce. Therefore, in principle, there are no zucchini without seeds. All varieties have seeds. Just different varieties to a greater or lesser extent. To minimize the number of seeds in the fruit, it must be plucked from the garden as early as possible. Experts note that there is less seed material in foreign hybrids than in domestic crops.

Varieties of zucchini for different regions

Seeds for the middle band

This region is distinguished by different weather conditions, the most adaptive varieties for this region are: Karisma F1, Beloplodny, Gribovsky, Tsukesha, Odessa 52 bush, Skvorushka, Iskander F1, Zolotinka, Early handsome, Roller, Parthenon F1, Ball, Pharaoh.

Varieties for the Urals

In the latitudes of the Urals, early varieties grow well. The growing season is a maximum of one and a half months. Names of varieties: Long-fruited, Iskander, Yellow-fruited, Apollo, White, Kavili, Ball, Negro.

Late varieties, ripening period up to 3 months: Black handsome, Skvorushka, Calabaza, Spaghetti Raviolo, Anchor, Tenderness, Tristan, Marquise, Isolde, Astoria.

Varieties of Zucchini for the Urals: Macaroni, Kuand, Zebra, Zolotinka, Mountain, Jade.

Varieties for Siberia

In this area, due to the climate, it is necessary to plant varieties that tolerate low temperature and moisture well: Gribovskie 37, Polar Bear, Pharaoh, Long-fruited, Genovese, Parthenon F 1.

Self-pollinated crops also bear fruit in this complex area: Apollon, Belogor, Zucchini Black.

Varieties for the Moscow region

Three types of vegetables are good for the Moscow region:

  1. zucchini;
  2. hybrids;
  3. traditional varieties.
Zucchini

Zucchini naturally vary in color. They are dense and tasty. Among the shortcomings of the culture is a relatively low yield compared to other species. Zucchini will keep for a little over a month. Good for the Moscow region: Zolotinka, Zheltoplodny, Golda.

Hybrid varieties guarantee high yields, but they are not suitable for propagation.

The following hybrid varieties take root well in the Moscow region: Gribovskie, Beloplodny, Iskander F1, Tivoli, White Bush, Genevese, Gentle Zephyr, Tsukesha, Golda, Spaghetti, Parthenon, Mountain, White, Karisma.

Zucchini grade Gribovskie 37

A highly fruitful variety, the fruits are stored for a long time, after transportation they retain their presentation. The variety grows with branches, ripening lasts up to two months, but the culture bears fruit for a month and a half. The color of the fruit is white, when overgrown, the skin becomes very coarse, the qualities are lost. Widely used in preparations for the winter.

Zucchini variety Skvorushka

Skvorushka fruits ripen in the interval of 46 – 55 days. Zucchini branch, grows very large, the mass of one unit reaches one kilogram. The color of the variety is dark green. Experts note very good nutritional characteristics, excellent fruitfulness.

Zucchini variety Orange

Orange belongs to the category of early zucchini. It is very tasty, it is easy to confuse it with a fruit. It resembles a ripe orange, as evidenced by rounded shapes of a bright orange hue. The fruits are very delicate in taste, with a sweetish tint. The unique shape makes it easy to carry out the process of canning and stuffing.

Varieties for greenhouse cultivation

Zucchini

Zucchini may be grown in greenhouses, with this method, the growing season is significantly reduced. Fruits can be obtained already on the 30th day. From the greenhouse you can get a crop in early spring, the culture will bear fruit until the end of autumn.

Greenhouse varieties: Beloplodny, Nemchinovsky, Kavili, Belogor, Belukha, Waterfall, Zebra, Moor, Karam, Aeronaut, Kuand, Mini Zucchini, Jade, Gribovskie, Spaghetti Raviolo, Walnut.

Domestic seeds or foreign, advantages and disadvantages

domestic seeds

Advantages:

  • high quality during storage, canning;
  • high taste indicators;
  • well adapted to the climate, winter-hardy;
  • have a wide range of nutrients.

Disadvantages:

  • short growing season;
  • outgrow, lose taste characteristics.

Foreign hybrids

Advantages:

  • high yield;
  • short ripening period;
  • decorative look;
  • do not overripe, retain taste;
  • long growing season.

Disadvantages:

  • increased need for heat and moisture;
  • have a smaller set of useful substances;
  • not suitable for canning;
  • seeds are not suitable for new planting.

How to choose seeds for planting

seeds

To decide on the choice of the desired seeds, you need to answer some questions for yourself. What is the maturity period? This criterion is very important, since the vegetable must have time to ripen in a particular region.

Categories of vegetable ripening:

  1. early maturation. Period from three weeks to two months. This rate of maturation is suitable for the northern parts. In the south, gardeners manage to harvest in two stages.
  2. Ripening lasting from 50 to 60 days.
  3. Ripening from 2 months and above, autumn harvest.

How to plant zucchini

Soil preparation, seeds

Before planting seeds in the ground , the gardener should take care of the beds in which the zucchini will grow. The culture will not grow on waterlogged soil, in close proximity to groundwater.

The fertile soil for the vegetable will be the earth fertilized with chernozem. Prepare the ground for planting should be in the fall. To do this, it is well dug up, for a bountiful harvest, potash and phosphate fertilizers are added to the ground.

Further preparation of the land is carried out in the spring, it comes down to loosening the soil, and the soil is additionally fertilized with ammonium nitrate. Experienced gardeners have noted that zucchini grow better in the place where tomatoes, cabbage, and potatoes used to grow. They should not be grown on the former habitat of patissons, pumpkins, cucumbers. The culture is not grown under the film; it does not like excessive humidity.

Immediately before planting, the seeds are disinfected. To do this, it is enough to dry them in the sun, lasting several days. Then the seeds are washed with potassium permanganate and plain water. For quick germination, it is recommended to germinate the seeds. To do this, they are soaked in gauze. As soon as the sprouts break through, the seeds can be safely sent to the ground.

Planting and caring for the culture

Zucchini

Zucchini, perhaps, plant seedlings. But this method is very painful, it is better to plant germinated seeds directly into the ground. How are seedlings prepared? It is grown in deep peat pots. Before planting, the soil is processed by freezing or treatment with a hot solution of manganese. Seeds are immersed to a depth of up to 4 cm, the soil is well moistened.

After sowing the seeds, care should be taken to ensure that the first shoots are not pecked by birds.

It is recommended to water the future crop rarely, but plentifully, preferably with warm water. It is also necessary to loosen the soil in a timely manner and hill the bushes so that the soil does not become stale. For a bountiful harvest, it is recommended to feed the soil after the appearance of the 7th leaf. A solution of water, saltpeter, potassium phosphate components can act as fertilizers. If pollination of flowers does not work naturally, you should use a solution of honey.

The ideal size of a ripe vegetable is a length of 15 cm, a width of 6 cm. The peel should not be allowed to become rough, in which case all the beneficial substances disappear.

An amazing and healthy vegetable is not whimsical by nature, but when deciding to grow it, it is best to choose the most adaptive variety for your climate, and then you will enjoy a bountiful harvest and satisfaction from your labors.

TRACTOR FARM
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