What you need to know before planting a pear
Rarely, what gardens do without planting pears, it is rightfully considered a popular fruit crop. Fresh fruits and processed pear products supply carbohydrates and organic acids to the body, they are rich in vitamins P and C, the lack of which is a significant cause of premature aging. In the Non-Black Earth Region, the pear is not often found, it is more demanding on heat and soil than the Ural varieties of apple trees. Central Russian varieties often freeze out. The pear blooms earlier than the apple tree, and its flowers and ovaries can be damaged by frost.
In the Urals, the Far Eastern varieties of A.M. Lukashev, bred by the Sverdlovsk Experimental Station, have become widespread, and the varieties of the Timiryazev Academy are also worthy of attention.
Pear trees are tall, with a well-developed crown and a powerful root system.
For a good annual fruit set in the garden, it is necessary to have several varieties for cross-pollination.
Fruits are kubarevidny, pear-shaped and almost round. The color of the fruit can be yellow, yellow-green, green and with a blush, which can be pink, crimson, solid or blurred, rarely – dotted and striped. The pulp of the fruit can be white, yellowish, less often with a pink tint. Its structure is fine-grained, coarse-grained, rough or delicate. There is a known group of pear varieties called “bere” with buttery melting pulp.
The pear is propagated by grafting onto the seedlings (rootstocks) of the forest pear. The beginning of fruiting occurs at 5-8 years, when the tree finishes the formation of the skeleton of the crown, grafted on low-growing rootstocks (mountain ash, hawthorn, irge) – for 3-4 years.
Young pear trees in the first 2-3 years of growth are most sensitive to frost in November and February.
We plant a pear. Landing rules.
Since it is not so easy to plant a pear correctly, here are some tips. The scheme for planting pears on vigorous rootstocks is 5×4 m, on low-growing ones – 4×2 m. A good place for planting pears is to place them on the south or west side of the garden house. When planting in spring, holes are dug in the fall with a diameter of 60-100 cm… In the center of the pit, a stake with a height of 1.2-1.5 m… When we dig a hole, fold the upper cultural layer to one side, without mixing with the lower one.
To it add 25-30 Kg organic fertilizers (it is useful to add peat, compost), 0.8-1 kg superphosphate, 150 g potassium chloride or 1 kg wood ash and 1.5KGlime. The soil is poured into the pit with a cone. The seedling is inspected before planting, the damaged roots and branches are pruned. If the seedlings are dry, which is often observed during spring planting, then the following rules should be used. First, they are placed with their roots in water to restore normal tissue moisture. After inspecting the seedlings, the roots are dipped in a mash made from fresh manure with the addition of clay. The seedling is placed on a mound of soil on the northern side of the stake in order to protect the bole from sunburn in the winter-spring period, the roots are spread in different directions and covered with loose earth, shaken several times so that the earth adheres tightly to the roots, and there are no voids. Then the soil in the hole is compacted with your foot, holding the toe to the seedling from the edge to the middle. The root collar of the planted tree should be on5 cmabove the soil level. A roller is made of soil along the edge of the hole and watered using 2-3 buckets of water per tree. After watering, the soil is mulched with peat, humus, sawdust with a layer of 5-10 cm… A few days later, as soon as the soil settles, the trees are tied to the stake with a twine in the form of a loop of eight. Such simple rules will help preserve pear seedlings.
Transplanting a pear seedling in the summer
If a vegetative plant grown in a container is planted in the summer, before planting, in a day or two, the pit is filled with earth in the same order and watered. After the earth settles in the center of the pit, a recess is made with a spatula, into which the container is planted, carefully freeing it from the film. Watering is immediately carried out, and then feeding with mullein (1:10), bird droppings (1:20) or urea -10 gon the bucket. The fertilizers laid at the bottom of the pit are enough for 6-7 years, during this period it is no longer necessary to fertilize the pear. Now you know how to properly plant and care for a pear, and your garden will surely delight you with a good harvest.