There are always a huge number of opinions about planting any vegetable crops. And every summer resident is convinced that his methods are the most correct and allow him to achieve the largest yields.
Cucumber is a heat-loving crop, and therefore it can be planted only after the soil has warmed up sufficiently. In greenhouses, this can be done earlier, and in open ground, planting cucumbers is allowed only after the soil has warmed up to 14 degrees. The optimal time for planting cucumbers with seeds in the ground in many regions of Russia is May 20-25. In the south – earlier.
Cultivation of culture must begin with the preparation of the soil. This should be done in the fall, when the previous vegetables are removed from the beds. It is necessary to carefully remove weeds and fertilize the soil with manure. The following work should begin in the spring before planting seeds or planting seedlings. Cucumber seedlings are ready for planting 25 days after germination. Given these figures, calculate the date of landing in the ground. The timing of the landing should be taken into account based on the temperature regime of your region.
The deadline for sowing seeds or planting seedlings depends on the region. At the latest, cucumber seeds can be planted in open ground on June 5. If this is done later, the harvest will certainly not please you. Planting seedlings should also be done before the first days of June. In the greenhouse, the landing period should not be violated either. The later you plant cucumbers, the later the crop will ripen. However, if you plant cucumbers in a barrel, and put it in a greenhouse, and do this, for example, at the end of June, then you have every chance of eating fresh cucumbers until the end of September.
The yield of cucumbers depends not only on the variety! If you think that you can buy high-yielding hybrids and leave them in the greenhouse without watering or fertilizing, and still get many, many buckets of cucumbers, you are deeply mistaken! Of course, planting cucumbers in a greenhouse means work that you have to do all the time, ensuring timely watering, airing, feeding, getting rid of misfortunes and pests, among which the most dangerous are aphids and their companions ants.
Planting cucumbers in open ground gives good results only when sowing seeds. A certain percentage of seedlings will inevitably die. Before planting in open ground, you need to soak the seeds in warm water with the addition of a very small amount of potassium permanganate. 2-3 hours will be enough. Do not soak the seeds overnight. The planting pattern is as follows: 20 centimeters between plants in a row and between rows – about 1 meter. A slightly more frequent landing is also allowed. Some summer residents throw two seeds into one hole. If the quality of the seeds is low, then this technique really allows you to get rid of unnecessary trouble. True, too heavily thickened plantings cause cucumber diseases.
It is noteworthy that cucumbers grow well next to corn. They will use the plants for support and trudge along them. However, it is important to know that corn should only be located on the north side so that it does not cast a shadow on the cucumber beds.
Cucumbers generally do not like transplants, and therefore growing them from seedlings will not be easy if you cannot provide optimal conditions for the growth and development of plants. Why do seedlings die? Many summer residents not only violate the growing conditions, but also plant it in unprepared and unheated soil, and then wonder what they did wrong?
Cucumbers: planting and care
Planting cucumbers, as we said above, is carried out on strictly defined dates, and it’s good if you manage to do this before May 25, or, at the very least, in early June. In the Urals, these landing dates should be observed.
Pre-fertilization is the key to a high yield. It is best to make rotted manure under the cucumbers. Do this in the spring or fall. When growing cucumbers in a greenhouse and during the ripening period of the crop, you will have to do top dressing. For open ground, this is not necessary. How to feed cucumbers during the growth period? Most often, for these purposes, a solution of Bordeaux mixture or diluted copper sulphate is used in the proportion of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water.
If the area is small, 40-60 centimeters can be left between cucumber rows, but the distance between plants will have to be increased to 25 centimeters. A prerequisite is loose, well-moistened and warm soil. It was easier for plants to germinate the soil, rows should not be watered after planting. You need to make another row on the side 2-3 centimeters from the row with seeds and pour water there. The water must be warm. Best of all – warmed up in the sun.
Even before germination, make sure that the cucumbers have room to grow. To do this, when growing in open ground, wooden trellises are constructed, with which ropes descend to cucumbers. The best option is to weave a stack of twine and fix it on a wooden frame. Grown up cucumbers in this case will cling and grow up, and not creep along the ground. By the way, some summer residents plant cucumbers on compost heaps that were once made next to the fence. Plants are woven along the chain-link mesh and grow beautifully. Taking them out is a pleasure. Yes, and weeding will be easier.
Experienced summer residents are convinced that the first ovaries must be removed in order for the plant to gain enough strength and give a greater harvest later. They also necessarily carry out pinching, which is not necessary in the case of growing cucumbers. However, decide for yourself what is more convenient and practical. The less you touch and injure cucumbers when grown outdoors, the more harvests they will delight you with.
Feeding cucumbers after planting is required only if you grow them either in a greenhouse, or if the soil is scarce in principle. The efficiency will be much higher if you apply fertilizers to the soil in advance. Growing cucumbers in a greenhouse always involves a lot of additional trouble, and therefore it is better to refuse it or minimize planting.
Growing cucumbers on your site, you probably had to deal with various problems. Have you ever wondered why cucumber seedlings turn yellow and how to deal with it? You must have faced a similar problem. So, when the leaves of cucumber seedlings turn yellow, this indicates the presence of various kinds of features. For example, the leaves of seedlings can turn yellow, provided that it simply does not have enough space. For example, when the seeds were sown in tiny cups. Even 0.5 liters of volume is not enough for a cucumber. The minimum container size should be about 0.75 liters. If the cup size is too small, the plant cannot fully develop. The second reason is lack of nutrition. When cucumbers lack nutrients, the leaves begin to turn yellow. To remedy the situation, use fertilizers such as Azogran or Vermistim.
To obtain good seedlings of cucumbers, it is very important to observe the planting dates. We have repeatedly focused on the fact that seedlings should be sent to the ground after 20-25 days from the moment the first shoots appear. If you miss these deadlines, then the survival rate of plants during transplantation will be sharply reduced.
When growing seedlings, many gardeners faced another problem – cucumber seedlings stretched out. What to do in this case? Excessive elongation of the stems indicates that the plants do not have enough light. Add it, and in a few days you will see how the cucumber seedlings become strong and bright green.
Sometimes it happens that cucumber leaves turn white, plants stop bearing fruit. Most likely, powdery mildew attacked your beds. In this case, you will have to save yourself only with chemicals and nothing else. Fortunately, there are many effective remedies on the market that will help to cope with the disease.
Diseases of seedlings of cucumbers are very diverse. It can be not only powdery mildew, but also root rot, and pernosporosis, and fusarium. If the leaves of plants dry for no reason, it will not be possible to do without processing! However, often the cause of various diseases of cucumber seedlings is unprepared soil. By using unboiled garden soil, you run the risk of transmitting diseases from old ones to new plants. Before planting seeds in pots, be sure to pour boiling water over the ground.
Another headache for summer residents is insects. Who eats seedlings? If such a misfortune overtook your seedlings in a greenhouse, then it is likely that aphids are operating on the plants. If you encountered a problem when growing seedlings at home, then probably a spider mite woke up in the soil.
It does not matter how to plant cucumbers and what varieties to choose. High yields can always be achieved at minimal cost.