What is the use of Japanese radish?
What is the value of this Japanese radish? First of all, high yield and excellent taste. Last year, I grew root crops weighing 1.5-2.3 kg each. A properly harvested root crop is stored in the cellar for 2-3 months. Daikon contains many salts of potassium, calcium, pectin, vitamin C, has healing properties, helps to dissolve stones in the liver and kidneys. Unlike radish (also very healthy!) It does not have a stimulating effect on cardiac activity, it almost does not contain irritating spicy mustard oils.
In its homeland – in Japan, it is the main vegetable crop, it has been planted for thousands of years.
To grow daikon, seeds are planted in early July. Light fertile soils are favorable for it, but it also grows on heavy clay soils, pre-filled with organic fertilizers.
The daikon is highly floriferous. Even when sown in July – August, it blooms. Seeds on plants of this sowing period do not have time to ripen, although numerous pods with 3-5 grains are tied.
When to plant daikon seeds?
To obtain daikon seeds in the Non-Chernozem zone, it must be sown at the end of May. In August-September, 10-15 g of seeds can be collected from each plant.
The site for seed planting should be chosen sunny, protected from the winds. In the spring, dig a shovel to the depth with the introduction of humus (5-7 kg / m2), superphosphate (40 g / m2), potassium nitrate or potassium sulfate (20 g / m2) These mineral fertilizers can be replaced with 50-70 g / m2 of nitrophoska (or 5-7 g per planting hole). In the absence of such soils with an acidic reaction, 3-4 half-liter cans of wood ash per square meter can be applied.
The depth of planting seeds is 3-4 cm. Seedlings appear on the 4-5th day. When 2 weeks have passed after the emergence of seedlings, it is advisable to feed the plants with phosphorus and potash fertilizers. Top dressing can also be carried out during the flowering of the daikon. If necessary, carry out abundant watering with preliminary loosening so that the soil is wetted from a depth of 20-35 cm. Care consists in regular loosening that does not damage the massive root crop that rises above the soil surface.
During germination and at the beginning of the growing season, the daikon is attacked by cruciferous flea beetles and other pests. The best means of struggle is dusting with tobacco dust and wood ash in the morning.
The main crop of seeds is formed on the shoots of the first and second order. To improve the quality of seeds, it is advisable to pinch the upper part of the inflorescences and remove late-flowering shoots. The timing of harvesting the testes with yellowing of the pods is at the end of August. The shoots are cut and left to ripen. Then, the pods are cut over paper or plastic wrap and threshed in cloth bags.
Make sure that there are no flowering radishes, radishes, turnips and wild radishes in your and nearby neighboring areas during the flowering period of the daikon (to avoid cross-pollination).