How to sow dill correctly – spring, winter and winter sowing

how to sow dill correctly spring winter and winter sowing Blog

The spicy dill plant is grown in all summer cottages. Only some gardeners have it green, fluffy, juicy. And others, no matter how hard they try, get a minimum of greenery and a large number of umbrellas.

Description

Growing dill in the ground or on the window is an interesting activity, fresh herbs will be on the table all year round. If you follow the rules of agricultural technology, then even novice gardeners can handle it.

Dill belongs to the umbellate or celery family. This is an annual plant with carved green leaves of different shades, depending on the variety. All parts of the plant have a spicy aroma.

Beneficial features

Dill is valued not only for its aroma. This plant has a lot of useful properties. It contains:

  • vitamins C, B, P and carotene;
  • iron, phosphorus and potassium;
  • essential oils and acids.

Due to its composition, dill is widely used not only in cooking, but also for the treatment of certain diseases:

  • helps with nervous disorders;
  • enhances the process of hematopoiesis, thanks to anetin, it expands blood vessels, saturates the brain;
  • acts as an antiseptic on the digestive and genitourinary systems;
  • lowers blood pressure;
  • easily digestible, fragrant greens are useful for adults and children.

Varietal diversity

Dill

There are not so many varieties of dill compared to other vegetable crops. And now about what varieties are best purchased for growing in a summer cottage, what you need to pay attention to.

Depending on the period of obtaining juicy and fragrant greens, you need to choose suitable varieties. Better yet, sow dill in the beds with different dates in order to have a healthy vegetable throughout the summer.

Early

Maturing terms – 30-35 days. Umbrellas quickly appear on plants. Greenery is limited. The best varieties are:

  • Redoubt;
  • Further;
  • Gribovsky;
  • Umbrella;
  • Grenadier.

Mid-season

Maturing terms are about 40-50 days. Plants have many leaves. Most often, gardeners acquire such varieties:

  • Umbrella;
  • Kibray;
  • Amazon;
  • Max;
  • Richelieu.

Late

Dill ripens in 70 days. Stems with abundant greenery. The leaves are long and fluffy. The following varieties are considered popular:

  • Kutuzovsky;
  • Alligator;
  • Frost;
  • Mischievous.

Seed collection

Dill seeds

It is not necessary to buy seeds in the store every year. You can assemble them yourself. When the seeds begin to turn brown on the umbrellas, the most productive plant is chosen, according to all indications corresponding to varietal characteristics.

In order not to lose the seeds, each umbrella can be tied with gauze. Then cut it off and put it on the window to ripen. Store seed in paper bags in the apartment.

Seed preparation

When planting dill seeds in open ground, it is taken into account that early varieties are cold-resistant (withstand frosts down to -4 degrees), while mid-season and late ones are less frost-resistant.

Dill seeds contain a large amount of essential oils that delay germination. To get friendly shoots, the seed is prepared. This stage consists of disinfection and soaking of seeds:

  • seeds are poured into a cloth bag;
  • immerse them in hot water (no more than 60 degrees), such heat treatment will disinfect the seed;
  • keep the seeds in water for at least three days, most importantly, change the water 3-5 times a day;
  • take out the seeds, squeeze the bag slightly and lay them out to dry.

Everything, the seeds are ready for sowing.

Place for a garden

Dill

Dill is a photophilous plant, when planted in shade or partial shade, the quality of greenery decreases, the leaves become faded, lose their aroma.

The soil for dill and parsley should be loose and light. Too damp areas are not for our vegetable.

Soil acidity also affects plants. On acidic soils, dill turns red. On alkaline – acquires a yellow color. Yes, and the yield is sharply reduced. Neutral soil is best suited for the plant.

When preparing the ridges, humus or compost is introduced in the fall. About six kilograms of organic fertilizers will be required per square meter. If it is not possible to purchase humus, you can use mineral fertilizers: Kemira Universal, Mortar.

If the soil is too heavy, a little river sand is added before digging. In heavy soils, dill does not develop well due to poor air permeability.

Neighbours

Tomatoes and cucumbers

Not every plant gets along with dill. For example, carrots and celery are antagonists for it: the plant lacks nutrients, it lags behind in development.

Next to dill can grow:

  • cucumbers and tomatoes;
  • cabbage and beets;
  • strawberries and other berry and vegetable crops.

When to sow seeds in the ground

You can sow dill or parsley seeds for greenery at any time: in autumn, winter, spring and summer. The principle of planting is almost the same, although there are some nuances that gardeners should be aware of.

As for the timing of planting, they depend on the region of cultivation. Germination begins at a temperature of +3 degrees, seedlings do not die when frosts down to -3 degrees. But dill and parsley begin to sprout fastest at a temperature of +15 degrees.

Spring and summer sowing

If the beds are prepared in the fall, then in the spring they need to be loosened. Then grooves are made at a distance of 20-25 cm, depending on the variety of dill. The soil is watered and seeds are sown.

It is not necessary to place the seeds tightly, otherwise the plantings will turn out to be thickened, the plants will not have enough space for development. Planting depth is not more than one centimeter. The earth is well slammed so that they better grapple with the ground.

Similarly, dill is sown in the summer. Soaked seeds are used for sowing so that the seedlings are more friendly. After sowing, the beds do not need to be watered for three days, otherwise the seeds will go to a great depth.

Further planting care is reduced to moderate watering. Dill does not like too wet soil.

You can learn about how to carry out pre-planting treatment of dill seeds and sowing in the summer from the video:

Sowing seeds in autumn and winter

Many gardeners prefer to sow dill or parsley before winter or in winter. This planting allows you to get early vitamin greens. Let’s figure out how to prepare for this method of planting seeds.

For winter or winter sowing, only dry seeds are used. Before winter, dill is sown in early November, when the average daily temperature is below zero degrees. Considering that germination begins at +3 degrees, earlier sowing can cause seeds to swell, and they will not sprout in spring.

The seed is deepened by 1.5-2 cm, and the number of seeds is required more than during spring sowing, by 25 percent. Plantings are sprinkled with mulch, waterproof material is thrown on top in case of rain.

Winter sowing has its own nuances:

  1. Snow is removed on the prepared bed, dry dill seeds are scattered on the surface.
  2. Then compost is poured.
  3. Topped with a layer of snow. It will help the seeds go in the spring to the desired depth.
  4. Seeds will begin to germinate as soon as the snow melts. With the threat of severe frosts, the ridges with dill shoots are covered with a film.

Planting parsley before winter is carried out, just like dill. The most common varieties for autumn sowing:

  • root Sugar;
  • root Russian size;
  • root needle;
  • sheet Ordinary;
  • sheet Italian giant;
  • leaf curly Esmeralda.

Planting dill in winter on the windowsill

Not only in open ground you can grow fragrant greens. For many Russians, dill grows in the house in winter. To obtain spicy greens in winter, seeds of late bush varieties of dill are used.

Seeds are sown in fertile soil and pots are placed on the most lit window. The fact is that this green vegetable requires a lot of light, otherwise the plants begin to stretch. If the lighting is insufficient, especially in December-January, the plantings need to be illuminated.

Not only light, but also temperature affects the growth of greenery. It should be no higher than 22 degrees. It is advisable to protect the pots from the dry air of the batteries.

Planting should be watered twice a week, but the ground should be moist, not damp. Otherwise, the plants will start to get sick with a black leg.

Bush dill: growing features

Dill

This type of dill is relatively young, as evidenced by the limited number of varieties:

  • Russian size;
  • Tetra;
  • Kibray;
  • Gourmet;
  • Superducat OE.

Common features of the variety are increased foliage, large juicy leaves. Bush dill with good agricultural technology grows up to 1.5 meters. Plants are demanding on fertile soil. Since all these varieties are late ripening, they are grown through seedlings.

Seeds are sown in April. Seedlings are planted in open ground after establishing a stable temperature of at least 18 degrees. To obtain a large amount of greenery, umbrellas are removed.

Grown dill greens can be dried, frozen, salted and pickled. Vitamin products are added to any dishes.

TRACTOR FARM
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