How to grow eucalyptus from seeds at home?

how to grow eucalyptus from seeds at home Blog

Eucalyptus is a large tree with leaves rich in essential oils that have bactericidal properties. It happens that eucalyptus must be grown at home, not only for the sake of interest, but also for the purpose of treatment. For example, in families with frequently ill children, eucalyptus helps to cope with respiratory and throat infections. Water infusions of eucalyptus leaves are used to gargle and wash the nasopharynx, as well as make inhalations. Inhalation of air saturated with essential oils of eucalyptus makes life easier for asthmatics and allergy sufferers, calms the nervous system.

What type of eucalyptus can be grown at home?

Lemon eucalyptus from the Myrtle family is suitable for home cultivation. This species is characterized by slow growth and has all the positive properties of the genus. In interior culture, eucalyptus reaches a height of 1-2 m. Eucalyptus roots have a high sucking power and it needs uninterrupted moisture supply.  

An interesting fact is that the crowns of eucalyptus trees do not give shade during the hot midday hours, their leaves turn their ribs towards the sun, protecting themselves from high levels of radiation and thus reducing evaporation.

Lemon eucalyptus seeds from various manufacturers are available for sale online. But those who grow eucalyptus at home recommend using seeds from the Gavrish company.

Eucalyptus seeds

Flowering can begin as early as the third year of a tree’s life. In our latitudes, it takes place in the autumn. Eucalyptus has white or pale red very fragrant flowers.

Soil for sowing eucalyptus

An important property of the soil for sowing eucalyptus is its high water-holding capacity. This quality is possessed by soils with a granular structure – garden or soddy soil with a large amount of humus. A good mixture is obtained by adding humus, peat and river sand to the soddy soil in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1.

Terms of sowing eucalyptus at home

In their natural environment, eucalyptus trees grow as very tall trees up to 100 m and above, and therefore they show increased requirements for illumination. At the latitude of central Russia, sowing is best done in late winter or early spring. The best time is the end of February and the whole of March, so that young seedlings can actively use the increasing length of the day for their normal development.

In more northern latitudes, sowing dates are extended and, in fact, are all year round. In winter, indoor seeds and young seedlings will need additional lighting with LED lamps. The duration of daylight hours must be increased to 14-16 hours a day.

Container for sowing

Since eucalyptus seeds are very small and only 1-2 mm in diameter, it is advisable to sow them in small containers 4-5 cm deep and 4-7 cm in diameter. There must be drainage holes at the bottom of the container. As the seedlings grow, 2-3 will be needed – a one-time transplant into larger containers with shortening of the roots. Thus, a compact interior plant is formed.

Eucalyptus sowing technology

Containers are filled with pre-disinfected soil and moistened well. 2-3 seeds are sown in each container, leaving them not embedded in the soil. From above, the seeds are slightly moistened with water at room temperature from a spray bottle. As a result, the seeds will swell and hatch faster, and young leaves will begin to open.

After sowing, the containers are covered with a film and placed in the brightest place on the windowsill. The temperature for seed germination needs to be quite high – from 20 to 24 ° C. If it is cooler on the windowsill at the end of winter, then for containers you can equip a small growing house from frames on which a transparent film is stretched. Inside the house, an optimal microclimate is formed in terms of temperature and humidity.

Seed germination lasts from 5-7 to 10-14 days. As soon as seedlings appear, the film is removed, the soil is slightly moistened with a spray gun and full access to lighting is provided. Eucalyptus trees are kept in seed containers until true leaves are formed.

Eucalyptus transplant

In the phase of formation of the first two or three true leaves, young plants are transplanted into containers 12-15 cm deep and 10-12 cm in diameter. When transplanting, the main root needs to be pinched a little, this will cause branching of the root and the formation of numerous sucking roots. After transplanting, young plants need daily moderate watering, but stagnation in the container should be avoided.

Eucalyptus Care

2-3 weeks after transplantation, when the plant takes root, gives roots and shows top growth, it needs top dressing. As a fertilizer, Potassium Humate, Humiful, Isabion have proven themselves well. Solutions of these fertilizers are watered over the substrate or sprayed. In the future, it is recommended to give top dressing every 14-18 days, alternating preparations.

An important operation during the growth period is pinching the central shoot. It is necessary to restrain growth and form a compact tree with a rounded even crown. Pinch the growing point regularly, removing a part of the shoot no more than 5 mm long.

After pinching the main stem, as a rule, the growth of lateral shoots is stimulated. They perform the same operation with them, that is, they pinch them, like the main shoot.

Eucalyptus Care

Eucalyptus leaves change with the age of the shoot. Young shoots have rounded soft leaves, while aging shoots are elongated and dense. This feature of eucalyptus trees must be taken into account in order to recognize the appearance of diseases or pests on trees in time, although this is extremely rare due to the high disinfecting and essential properties of trees.

Protection from pests and diseases

Sometimes in large greenhouses and interiors saturated with plantings, aphids and spider mites can attack eucalyptus. In this case, spraying with the Fitoverm biological product should be applied. This drug does not pose a danger to households and is highly effective against pests.

If the mode and regularity of irrigation is not observed, then stagnation of irrigation water may occur in the container and cause root rot. In this case, they try to establish the regularity of watering and put one or more tablets of Trichodermin into the soil. This is a biological product that protects against the development of putrefactive processes, inhibits the growth of unfavorable microflora in the soil and on the roots. In the absence of watering, eucalyptus trees can shed their leaves, and with the onset of regular watering, they grow back.

wintering eucalyptus

In late autumn, plants are gradually accustomed to lowering the average daily air temperature. The optimum temperature in the room during the day is 16 ° C, at night it is possible to lower the temperature to 12-14 ° C. At the same time, the number of irrigations and the volume of water supplied are reduced, bringing the nature of irrigation to a very moderate one. It is necessary to ensure that the plant does not lose turgor, does not dry out and does not wrinkle.

At this time, the tree can be corrective pruned. In this case, all the branches are slightly shortened to a well-developed kidney. Branches that cross or grow at an acute angle are removed. Pruning trees improves the nutritional conditions of each branch and each bud, which can lead to bud formation and flowering of eucalyptus, although this is extremely rare indoors. They try to keep the entire crown of the tree very compact. Overgrowth of shoots can cause the plant to shift its center of gravity and it simply tips over or even falls out of the container.

Plant care after winter

In the early spring period, it is important to ensure a gradual rise in temperature to the optimum 20 ° C. The sudden appearance of heat and bright rays of the sun can cause temperature stress in the plant and burns on the leaves. Simultaneously with the rise in temperature, the provision of plants with moisture is increased.

In a container or tub, it is advisable to change the top layer of soil. This measure will enrich the substrate with nutrients and humus. Adult plants are transplanted every 3-5 years by transshipment. In the summer, top dressing and pinching of shoots are resumed. The plant can be taken out to the balcony or loggia.

If buds appear on the shoots, you should be patient. It happens that before they open and fill the room with their aroma, a period of at least a year will pass. This is the nature of eucalyptus trees. Also, the seeds of these plants ripen for a long time.

Procurement of medicinal raw materials

Procurement of medicinal raw materials

Leaves can be collected from a home plant and dried for further use in the preparation of decoctions and infusions. Leaves should be taken from those that have recently passed into a long stage, it is in them that there is the largest supply of essential oils. The leaves are crushed and dried in a room at a temperature of 22-24 ° C. The dried raw material is stored in paper or fabric bags for a year.

To summarize, it is worth saying that growing eucalyptus trees from seeds is not difficult. The main thing is to set a goal and patiently perform all operations. A healing tree will surely please with its active growth and provide home medicine.

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