During the spring sowing season, gardeners and gardeners often do not have enough time to sow all the planned crops. It is troublesome to prepare the beds, a lot of time is spent on cleaning the site after the winter, and the deadlines are running out. How to speed up the germination of seeds so that the plants sprout and develop on time, according to the timing?
- Benefits of sowing germinated seeds
- Sowing with germinated seeds is necessary:
- What crop seeds need accelerated germination?
- Slow growing crops include:
- Ways to quickly germinate seeds
- Simple methods include:
- seed soaking
- seed germination
- Warming up seeds and their germination in one day
- Treatment with stimulants
- Special methods for accelerating seed germination include:
Benefits of sowing germinated seeds
Sowing with germinated seeds is necessary:
- When you need to speed up shoots;
- You need to make sure that the seeds are germinating;
- it is necessary to extend the period of fruiting of the crop and, thus, to get a larger harvest.
Crops that start growing earlier get more sun and moisture in the competitive conditions of early spring.
What crop seeds need accelerated germination?
Rapid germination may be necessary for seeds that are naturally slow to germinate. Being in the soil for a long time, at least 2-3 weeks, they can rot or be damaged by insects and birds.
Slow growing crops include:
- onion ;
- leek ;
- carrots ;
- eggplant ;
- pepper ;
- parsley .
Some fast germinating seeds also need to germinate quickly, such as pumpkins. Sowing with fast-germinated seeds increases the force with which the sprouts break through the soil crust. The same applies to cucumbers, zucchini and cabbage.
Ways to quickly germinate seeds
You can quickly germinate seeds using simple, easily accessible means, as well as more complex ones that require special equipment.
Simple methods include:
- warming up;
- treatment with stimulants;
- rinsing the seeds with a jet of water.
The seeds are immersed in a small container of water (a saucer will do). Water should be at room temperature, it is changed every 3-4 hours. Soaked seeds germinate 2-3 days earlier than dry ones.
- peas, beans – 4-5 hours;
- radish, radish, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage – 12 hours;
- asparagus, sorrel, parsnips, parsley, carrots, onions, chard, celery – up to 2 days.
As a result, the seeds should swell and hatch slightly. They can not be sown in waterlogged or overdried soil. In both cases, they may disappear.
Germination is carried out by wrapping the seeds in a soft fibrous tissue, preferably of a natural composition. The advantage of this method is that seedlings appear about 1 week earlier than when sown with dry seeds. To prevent evaporation of moisture and create a microclimate with a slightly elevated temperature, a damp cloth with seeds is placed in a plastic bag and cleaned in a warm place. The bag is left slightly ajar so that the seeds do not suffocate. Germination continues until the seeds give light sprouts. Many types of seeds may show small roots.
- carrots, parsley, celery, leeks, onions – up to 6-7 days;
- tomatoes, peppers, eggplants – up to 4-5 days;
- cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini, cabbage – up to 3-4 days.
If the seedlings have begun active growth, but there is no way to plant them, the bag of seeds can be put in the refrigerator without removing it from the fabric.
Warming up seeds and their germination in one day
This is a very effective method of accelerating seed germination. A bag of seeds in a damp cloth is placed near heating appliances. Be sure to make sure that the fabric does not dry out. Another method is to combine with soaking in a thermos, the water temperature should not be higher than 50 ° C, the warm-up time for all types of seeds is 1 day. During this time, the seeds of cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes usually already sprout.
Treatment with stimulants
Plant growth stimulants are dissolved in warm water 37-38 ° C according to the instructions. Seeds in gauze bags are immersed in the solution for a period of 3 to 12 hours. There is no need to rinse the bags after processing. Seeds are slightly dried and sown.
Such a measure is necessary for seeds in the shell of which there are essential oils that prevent normal germination. These are lettuce, carrots, parsley, celery, fennel, parsnips, basil and many others. Seeds in a dense fabric bag are rinsed under running hot water at 45-50 ° C for 3-4 minutes. Then left in a container with the same water until cool, dried to flowability and sown.
Special methods for accelerating seed germination include:
- stratification (vernalization);
- bubbling ;
Be sure to try simple quick sprouting methods and get a crop just in time.