How nice to look at the huge bushes of pepper with large chic leaves! But soon the understanding comes – you won’t be full of leaves, but where are the fruits? And so, in order for the plant to give exactly fruits, and not green mass, it is necessary to form pepper bushes to increase productivity.
The formation of pepper is a verified removal of the green parts of the bush (leaves, shoots) so that it puts maximum energy into the ovary and fruit ripening. The starting point here is the appearance of the first flower. That is , the first flower grew on the plant – it’s time to start shaping the pepper.
Well, since we have already turned our attention to it, then we will tear it off. Tearing off the first flower is included in the list of measures to increase the yield of pepper. There is an assumption that all the power of the plant is directed specifically to the first flower, and the rest of the flowers (and, accordingly, the ovaries) remain in the paddock. However, this point of view is controversial, and gardeners on it are fiercely debated. However, based on her, we want to give advice that has never failed.
Tip: in a row with peppers , select 1-2 of the strongest and healthiest bushes and do not pluck the first flower from them. Wait for the fruit from this flower to ripen well and collect seeds from it. These will be the best seeds of this variety and they will give the best harvest! We remind you that this is valid if you had exactly the pepper variety, and not the F1 hybrid.
The second operation to form pepper bushes to increase productivity is the removal of stepchildren.
Peppers are similar to their relatives – tomatoes, and like the latter, stepchildren should be removed from them. And the goal is the same – so that the plant is not distracted by unnecessary green shoots, but carries all the power into fruits.
You need to cut off the stepchildren to the point of division of the central trunk, that is, to the place where the pepper bush begins to divide. So, if a process grows at the base of the leaf, then just break it off or cut it off.
The third operation: cut off or cut off the lower leaves.
Here the technology is also reminiscent of growing tomatoes , although why be surprised – everything is the same for relatives. The indication for this operation is the moment when the top of the pepper bush began to divide into branches.
Here, gardeners also have irreconcilable disputes: whether to cut the leaves with a sterile razor or you can just break off with your hands. The main thing is not to cut everything off at once: you need to quietly, no more than 3 leaves at a time and do this about once a week. So it is non-traumatic for the plant; otherwise they will pluck all the leaves at once, and the pepper gets stressed, and throws all his strength into healing the wounds.
As you can see, as a result of the formation of pepper to increase productivity, the bush should be without the first flower and the trunk should be bare up to the central branching – without leaves and without stepchildren. By the way, this bareness reliably prevents various fungal diseases and rot, as the plant is ventilated.
So, we stripped everything unnecessary, and now we proceed to the fourth operation – pinching the branches.
It should be done when the bush has already branched out, that is, side stems have grown from the central fork, they have grown stronger and began to branch themselves. We need to leave 2-3 such stems. Each of these stems also begins to branch out, and 1-2 shoots should also be left on them, and the growth point should be torn off from the rest, i.e. top. The shoots that we leave must be the strongest.
Here are some more nuances for pinching (forming) pepper.
- Shoots that grow inside the bush should be removed so that there is no thickening. And outside, let the pepper bush and expand.
- The height to which the branches are to be cut. We find the first leaf and flower bud on the process. We cut it 1 cm higher along the trunk, since this kidney will give us an ovary after, and we also leave the leaf itself – it will be responsible for the nutrition of this ovary.
- You need to pinch only medium-sized and tall varieties of peppers, especially in a greenhouse. Undersized is not necessary, because the fruits on them will not have time to ripen.
- Please, without haste and fanaticism! And then cut off the wrong branches when the bush is still small. Pinch the bushes when they have already grown, and the ovaries have already formed on them, because it happens that the pepper blooms, but there are no ovaries. (By the way, the standard reason for this is the lack of light).
- Do not water the bushes for a couple of days after pinching, because you can inadvertently introduce an infection into open wounds with water.