Growing strawberries from seeds at home

growing strawberries from seeds at home Blog

Garden strawberries (strawberries) are propagated mainly vegetatively: by mustache or by dividing the bush. But over time, varietal qualities are lost, plants grow old, and diseases accumulate. To rejuvenate a strawberry bed, new seedlings will be required.

You can buy seedlings in the market or order by mail, but all this costs a lot of money. And the quality does not always meet the requirements. That is why gardeners resort to seed propagation of strawberries. Growing seedlings is associated with some difficulties.

Your seeds

For sowing, it is not necessary to use store seeds.

How to collect seeds:

  1. The ripest berries are selected from the fruitful mother bushes. The main thing is that these strawberry bushes are not hybrids, with obvious varietal characteristics.
  2. A thin layer of skin with seeds is removed from the berry with a sharp knife, placed on a saucer covered with several layers of gauze.
  3. In the sun, the flesh dries quickly, without having time to rot, because part of the moisture absorbs the fabric.
  4. After that, they are engaged in the selection of seeds. The contents of the gauze are gently rubbed in the palms to separate the husk. Then clean the seeds and put them in a paper bag, indicating the date.

Video: how to collect strawberry seeds

https://youtube.com/watch?v=x3jXokcj9aE%3Ffeature%3Doembed

If there are several varieties, then each bag is numbered. Strawberry seeds (garden strawberries) are stored in a dry and dark place.

What varieties are best to take for growing from seeds

Before sowing strawberry seeds, you should decide where the plants will be grown:

  • container growing requires remontant varieties or hybrids;
  • in open ground, large-fruited strawberries are more often grown;
  • varieties of large-fruited plants will be required for planting in a greenhouse .

The ability of plants to form mustaches should also be taken into account. It is also interesting that on some plants, fruiting occurs not only on the mother bush, but also on rooted mustaches.

Table of different types of strawberries for sowing seeds

Variety nameKindsCharacteristic
Alpine strawberryAlexandriaBaron Solemacherforest fairy taleWhite SoulReginaFragrant SurpriseAli BabaSnow WhiteRuyanaalpine dreamyellow miracleThe berries are small, but very fragrant, reminiscent of wild berries in taste. The varieties are mostly hairless. Suitable for growing indoors and outdoors
Ampel remontant strawberryElizabethElizabeth 2Temptation F1Flavor of summer F1It bears fruit not only the mother bush, but also hanging mustaches. The petals of many varieties are pink, which gives decorative plantings. Can be grown in pots. Plants are demanding on top dressing.
Large-fruited strawberriesDawnholidayLyubashaYokeZephyrScarlet Light F1GigantellaCinderellaTristarGenevaLizonka F1Most often, these are varieties or hybrids of imported selection, so frost resistance and climatic conditions must be taken into account when grown in open ground.

Preparing strawberry seeds for sowing

The seed material of garden strawberries is characterized by tight germination. Seeds can lie in the ground for up to one month. That is why they are specially prepared for sowing.

To grow seedlings of strawberries from seeds, you need to solve two important questions:

  • wake up the seeds;
  • create the necessary conditions.

There are several ways, each of which can guarantee the successful cultivation of strawberry seedlings from seeds. But chief among them are soaking and stratification.

Wintering

Strawberry or garden strawberry seeds require low temperatures for storage. For example, the seed, which was stored in bags in the refrigerator, “turns on” vitality, due to which seedlings appear quickly and amicably.

Germination

To make the seeds germinate faster, they are soaked. It is best to use rain or melted snow water for the procedure. Soak the seed for three days. Water is changed twice a day.

The swollen seeds are spread on cotton pads, which are then placed in a plastic bag and left in a warm place. The main thing is to monitor the humidity of the substrate.

When white dots appear, the seeds are sown in a common container or in separate cups.

Seed stratification

Seed stratification

The most effective way to guarantee the success of obtaining strawberry seedlings from seeds is stratification. The essence of the method is keeping the seed at low temperatures for awakening. You can stratify strawberry seeds in different ways: soaked or planted in the ground.

Stratification of soaked seeds

The seed is moistened, poured into saucers. Cover with cellophane on top and put on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, where the ideal temperature for stratification is 2-4 degrees.

Once every seven days, the film is slightly opened, if necessary, the seeds are moistened. Stratification lasts 21-90 days.

Stratification of planted seeds

You can sow the seeds in boxes, moisten them and also put them in the refrigerator. After a month, the containers are removed and placed in heat. In a few days, friendly shoots will appear.

Snow stratification

Using snow to sow seeds is a quick way to stratify:

  1. The boxes are filled with soil, a layer of snow of at least one centimeter is laid on top.
  2. Seeds are scattered on the snow surface. They are clearly visible.
  3. The boxes are covered with foil or glass and cleaned in a warm place.

When the snow begins to melt, it will pull the seeds into the soil to the desired depth, so the seed is not sprinkled with soil.

Seed sparging

The method of bubbling increases the germination of seeds. The seed is placed in warm water (no more than 25 degrees) and the tube from the aquarium compressor is lowered into the container. The seeds are bubbled for two days, after which they need to be dried, and then sown.

Alternative ways to plant strawberry seeds

Strawberries are grown by seeds in common containers or immediately in cups. But in addition to traditional planting, there are alternative ways to plant garden strawberries:

  • in peat tablets;
  • in a snail.

Growing strawberries from seeds: variety selection, planting, care

Garden strawberry

Consider how to grow plants and care for them based on the Alexandrina variety. This is a beardless remontant alpine strawberry.

Due to its special decorativeness, the plant is able to decorate flower beds, alpine slides, and ridges. It can be planted not only in open ground, but also at home, all year round, by placing pots on the windowsill.

Soil preparation

Garden strawberries are a lover of fertile light soil . Diseases and pests often develop in heavy soil.

Soil options

You can make the soil yourself by choosing one of the options:

  • 3 parts of peat add one part of sand and biohumus;
  • take leaf soil, sand, peat (humus) in a ratio of 2: 1: 1;
  • humus and sand in a ratio of 5:3.

You can also use ready-made soil mixtures for seedlings and flower crops.

Disinfection

Before sowing seeds of the Alexandrina variety, the soil must be disinfected from fungal diseases, harmful bacteria and viruses in any convenient way:

  • spill the soil with hot water, adding potassium permanganate crystals to it;
  • calcinate the soil in an oven for at least two hours at a temperature of 40-45 degrees;
  • heating the soil mixture in the microwave for no more than 5-6 minutes.

Sowing seeds

Strawberry seeds Alexandrina are stratified before sowing. Sow the seeds in a convenient way for the gardener. This also applies to containers.

Step-by-step technology for sowing strawberry seeds:

  • It is not necessary to deepen the seed of strawberries. It is scattered on the surface, and covered with glass or film on top and placed on a sunny window.
  • Seedlings from stratified seeds appear for 4-5 days or after 15-21 days, if the temperature is kept at +23-25 ​​degrees. After the first shoots appear, the temperature is reduced to 15-18 degrees for several days so that the seedlings do not stretch.
  • The soil must always be moist. The film or glass is not removed, but constantly ventilated to avoid condensation.
  • After the appearance of the first true leaves, the plants are accustomed to the ambient temperature. Strawberries do not need to be watered. When 2-3 leaves grow, the seedlings are grown at a temperature of 10-15 degrees.

In the future, monitor soil moisture. It is better to water Alexandrina’s strawberries from a pipette so that no water gets on the leaves.

Seedling picking

strawberry seedling

Dive garden strawberries in the phase of 3-4 true leaves. Work must be done carefully, in pre-prepared containers with watered and disinfected soil.

Before picking , the seedlings are watered so as not to damage the roots when digging. Make a hole in the container. If the roots are too long, pinch them. When planting, you can not fill the heart with earth.

Landings are watered and put in the shade for a day. In the future, favorable conditions are created: lighting and temperature.

Feed the seedlings with fertilizers containing a minimum amount of nitrogen. During this period, strawberries are demanding on phosphorus and potassium.

Planting and care in the ground

Strawberry

Alexandrina strawberries grown from seeds are planted in the ground after a positive temperature is established. For two days, the seedlings must be hardened off.

Variety Alexandrina unpretentious. But there are some nuances, the observance of which will allow you to get a rich harvest of strawberries:

  • plant seedlings in a sunny place in fertile and loose soil;
  • berries must be fed with fertilizers (mullein, infusion of green grass, ammonia or mineral compounds). Watch the video about feeding rules;
  • landings cannot be overdried and flooded, everything should be moderate;
  • the soil around the plants needs to be loosened and cleaned of weeds;
  • at the first signs of infection with diseases, they are treated with special preparations.

Alexandrina strawberries are grown in one place for no more than 5 years. Then the landings are rejuvenated. New seedlings for planting can be obtained not only vegetatively, but also by seed.

According to gardeners, growing strawberries is not particularly difficult. So there is no need to be afraid.

TRACTOR FARM
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