Growing beets in the country

growing beets in the country Blog

Miracle vegetable – beets

No other vegetable provides as much and requires so little care as red beets! Given the high yield of this crop (after all, the whole plant is edible!), Rapid growth (from one plot you can harvest up to three harvests in our Ural summer), extraordinary nutritional value, a lot of medicinal properties, the usefulness of the neighborhood in the garden with other crops, the preserving qualities of beet juice, then the true value of this vegetable will become clear.

And what a magnificent natural dye is obtained from beets! If you want to paint eggs for Easter, boil the whole beet roots. When they become soft, take them out of the water and eat them, and boil the eggs in this water.

Fundamentals of beet farming

Growing beets in the country is simple, and the abundance of varieties opens up wide opportunities for their selection. Beet varieties can be divided into three main types: globular, cylindrical, and leaf type (mongold). Almost all varieties of root crops ripen 50-60 days after sowing seeds. Agrotechnics of all types of beets is similar.

Table beet grows well in a wide variety of conditions, but it is worth remembering the basic rules of beet farming: a cool environment is more favorable for it. Well-drained, almost acid-neutral soil is also desirable. Like most crops, beets need adequate watering (2.5 cmin Week). The best soil for beets is loam. On light sandy loamy soils, you can get an earlier harvest, but small root crops. It is good when enough rotted compost is brought under the beets.

Dark spots inside ripe beet roots indicate a lack of boron in the soil, so planting beets every two weeks is a good idea to water with a solution of boric acid or borax, or borax (1 g on the 10 literswater). But you need to be very careful with boron preparations, watering with a more concentrated solution can lead to the death of the apical point of growth.

Sowing seeds, growing seedlings

Most gardeners, with the onset of spring, when the soil warms up enough and dries out, they start growing beets in the country, planting the seeds directly in the prepared ridge. Seeds begin to germinate at a temperature of +4.5 degrees, so it is quite possible to grow beets using a seedless method. Here the difficulty is to carry out the pulling just in time. The seeds of most beet varieties are seedlings containing up to 4 embryos, so 3-4 plants begin to develop from one seed. Quickly enough, they begin to interfere with each other’s development, and a delay in pulling through can cause the root crops to stop pouring and be small and hard. And the spring warmth in our region is very unreliable, cold snaps often occur and small plants stop growing. They will not die to sub-zero temperatures (and sometimes they can withstand up to -2), but such a halt in growth can lead to plant disease. Therefore, it is much more reliable to grow beets through seedlings. Planting seeds for seedlings begins 3 weeks before planting in open ground. Picking is not required. When transplanting seedlings into a ridge, you will not even notice that there was more than one embryo in the seed, just be surprised that a hundred seeds were sown, and 300 seedlings grew. Transplanting beets tolerates quite painlessly. But, of course, after planting, you immediately need to water it abundantly (even if the soil seemed wet to you). Watering will help the roots to better fit in the ridge and the lumps of soil will cling tightly to the roots. For 2-3 days, the planted seedlings need to be covered with a film to shade from the sun, let them recover after transplantation and earn roots. And the seedling method makes it possible to obtain earlier products with minimal care. Yes, and seedling plants get sick much less, because they are already quite large and strong in the possibly infected, full of pests land. And weeds are no longer afraid of them. Usually, beets are planted at such distances from each other in a row that they want to get root crops in diameter. The best are beetroots with a diameter of 7.5-8 cm. When the root crops are poured to the desired size and touch each other, they will stop growing, the leaves will coarsen, the skin will get stronger. Now they will keep well. It’s not worth overdoing the beets on the ridge, it’s enough to grow them after germination for 8-9 weeks – and you’re done, otherwise in winter you will have to eat hard, dry, and even cracked beets.

What else do you need to know about beets?

But in the summer you must definitely eat beets. It is suitable for food at any stage of development. And the young one is even tastier, more tender, juicier. So drink beetroot juice all summer, you yourself will feel how pleasant it is for the body. Throwing beet leaves is just a sin, they are also very tasty and healthy. In general, already three weeks after sowing, beet leaves and small root crops can be used for food, and when planting seedlings – after 2 weeks.

So, in a seedling way, it is quite possible for us to grow three crops of beets. July plantings, already specially for storage; can easily withstand a few autumn frosts. If it seems to you that the nights are already very cold, and the beets have not yet grown, cover them with a film for a week, they will grow well.

Beets in the garden are a wonderful neighbor for potatoes and tomatoes. It inhibits the development of late blight. And when storing potatoes interspersed with beets, it is preserved much better. Or you can simply sprinkle it with dry beet leaves when storing potatoes.

The medicinal properties of red beets should be discussed separately, their mass. Let me just remind you that beetroot juice is an excellent antiseptic, so it can be used as a preservative.

TRACTOR FARM
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