How do strawberries reproduce?
You can, of course, by seeds, but this is very difficult and there is no certainty that the varietal qualities will be preserved when propagated by seeds, and you will get the same berries that the mother plant had. Fortunately, most strawberry varieties have so-called mustaches (mustacheless varieties are propagated by dividing the bush), which are very convenient for vegetative propagation. The best time to plant strawberries is from July 10 to August 10 (and by no means the end of May and the beginning of September, as some believe). In order to prepare high-quality planting material by this time, the healthiest and most productive two-year-old bushes with large tasty berries should have been noted last summer. This spring, all flowers from these bushes must be cut off. Of course, in early spring, you should feed the plants with mullein infusion or full mineral fertilizer.
When the flowers are removed, the strawberries will very quickly and abundantly form whiskers, on which the rosettes of the plants are laid. Before touching the ground, these rosettes have no roots and are fed by the mother bush. Place a pot of fertile soil under the outlet as early as possible and pin the outlet to it. Leave only 1-2 rosettes on each antenna; when they form, pinch the tip. Then the plant will form more and more mustaches and all the rosettes they have will be large and strong.
Once the rosettes are rooted, cut them from the mother bush and take them in a pot to the storage nursery. Do not forget to water and shade them in the very heat. When enough plants have accumulated, plant them on the ridge. As you can see, propagation of strawberries with a mustache is not difficult.
Correct planting of strawberries
There are many options for planting garden strawberries. Planting and leaving are not too difficult. Can be planted in single strips, the planting pattern is as follows: through25 cm bush from bush and through 60 cmrow by row. Some people prefer to plant in double rows across30 cm one from the other, and between them on 80 cm… It is possible to make raised beds for strawberries (especially on heavy soils with close groundwater). You can mulch the ridge with black film, and plant young bushes in the slot in it.
A bed is made with a height of only 7-8 cm, width 50 cmalong the length from north to south. Along the ridge in the middle there is a hollow with a depth7 cm, width 5-7 cm… The rooted plants removed from the pot are planted in the formed 2 rollers after 2530 cm… From the outside, each roller along the length of the entire ridge is covered with a film, which is well strengthened from the side of the plants and sprinkled with earth on the aisle. Watering and feeding plants is done only in the hollow between the rows. There can be no weeds here at all, if they were carefully chosen when laying the ridge. Leaves and berries of plants will not lie on the ground and get wet in irrigation and rainwater. It is only necessary to cover the ridge with coniferous legs for the winter so that the roots do not freeze.
How many years can you grow strawberries in one place?
No more than 4 years. Garden strawberries, planting and caring for which were carried out in accordance with all the rules, should still be updated after 4 years. Firstly, because the bush grows very much and not only the foliage, but also the roots thickens. Secondly, the land is depleted, because there is no way to improve it by digging something under the bushes. Well, the quality of berries is significantly deteriorating due to accumulated diseases and pests. If you continue to leave plants here, diseases can spread and infect the entire plantation.
Some gardeners choose to grow strawberries as an annual crop. Young plants are planted in July (according to the technology described above). This summer they have great time to develop and the next year they give a bountiful harvest of large, tasty, completely painless berries. After fruiting, all bushes are removed. This method has its advantages: there is no fuss with fertilizing, treatments against pests, diseases, foliage pruning, hilling, loosening, etc. Learn to propagate and plant correctly – that’s all. Even if some of the plants are sick or some pests are introduced, you will still get this first (and last) harvest. By the way, when grown in an annual culture, the bushes are planted thicker (after 15-20 cm).
Do I need to mow the leaves after picking berries?
Desirable. This is done to fight disease. It is the old leaves that are breeding grounds for diseases and pests. If you have time to remove the leaves after harvesting in August, do it immediately after fruiting, the sooner the better. After a while, the buds of the future harvest begin to form in the plants. If you delay until this time with the harvest of the leaves, the future harvest will be laid with a lack of nutrients. Can you imagine what it will be like? It is necessary that new leaves have time to grow before the onset of cold. If you are late, then it is better to leave this work in early spring. But we must hurry up in the spring. Remove old leaves until the soil has warmed up and the plant has thrown flower stalks.
Diseases and pests of strawberries
Strawberries are often damaged by aphids. In this case, the leaves curl, turn yellow, the development of the bush slows down. To get rid of these pests, treat the plants with a solution of laundry soap (40-50 g on the 10 l water).
Against the strawberry mite and the raspberry-strawberry weevil, pour the wormwood decoction over the strawberries, spread the wormwood between the bushes. And if the pests have already affected the plants, they will have to be sprayed with a solution of karbofos (20 days before fruiting).
It is useless to fight the strawberry nematode, you still cannot get the harvest. It is necessary to remove and burn the bushes and not plant strawberries in this place for at least five years.
Slugs and snails are repelled by a 5% solution of metaldehyde or its granules can be sprinkled between rows (3-4 g / m).
Many berries can be spoiled by birds. Pull the line above the ridge at a height70 cm, tie pieces of hard foil, cans, round caps from kefir bottles onto it on strings. These pieces will flutter in the wind and cast glare from the sun.
Of the diseases, strawberry gray rot is very common. This is with thickened plantings, with waterlogging, if old leaves are not removed, in poor lighting conditions. The treatment is as follows: it is necessary to remove damaged berries, water only under the roots of plants, avoid wetting the leaves and berries. Arrange stands for berry brushes or raise all the leaves of the bush above the ground.
Powdery mildew may appear on the leaves of strawberries – this is a fungal disease. To avoid disease and for treatment, the plants are sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid or copper oxychloride solution before setting the berries.
Two-three-tier pyramid 1-1.5 m and length 6-8 m… Each tier is enclosed in a formwork of boards with a width of 1315 cm… The pyramid is located from north to south, the distance between plants is 25-30 cm. Putting arcs and stretching the film, strawberries are easily sheltered from frost. The fruiting period of remontant strawberries is much extended when a film tunnel is installed above the pyramid in the fall.