Daisies, pearl flowers

daisies pearl flowers Blog

Daisy – the pearl of the garden

There is a beautiful Russian legend about the origin of the well-known flower – daisies. The pearls from Lyubava’s torn necklace scattered across the green meadow when she rushed to meet the desired groom of her Sadko, and turned into white daisies. Translated from Greek, daisy means “pearl”. For many nations, it is an emblem of kindness and cordiality. Daisy has been known since ancient times, and the first varieties appeared only in the 17th century.

It grows wild in Southern and Central Europe, North America, Western Asia, and the Caucasus. The perennial daisy belongs to the Asteraceae family. In floriculture, it is used as a biennial, because it blooms most profusely in the second year, and then its flowers become smaller, the plant loses its attractiveness.

Biological features of daisies

In the first year, the daisy develops a rosette of bright green dense leaves on short petioles, in the second, flower stalks rise, which do not exceed30 cm. Graceful inflorescences – baskets are from 2 to8 cmin diameter white, pink, red, carmine tones. They can be terry and non-terry. According to the structure of the flowers, daisies are divided into 2 classes: reed and tubular. In varieties of the first class, colored reed flowers are arranged in one row (non-double), in 4-5 rows (terry), yellow tubular flowers form the middle of the basket. Terry daisies have so many reed flowers that they can completely cover the yellow core of the tubular ones. Varieties of the second class have only tubular flowers: painted long at the edges, ordinary yellow in the center.

How to choose a variety of daisies

When buying seeds or seedlings of daisies, you can choose in advance the variety that you prefer to grow:

1st class (reed): grade “Schneebal” – terry, snow-white; variety “Rosse” – terry, pink-red, winter-hardy; grade “Rose” – densely double, white-pink; variety “Dunkelrot” – terry, raspberry-red, requires shelter for the winter; variety “Spring Joy” – non-double, bright red, winters well.

Class 2 (tubular): grade “Etna” – red, bright yellow center, winter-hardy; variety “Titlis” – semi-double, bright red, winters well; variety “Rose Shedes” – semi-double, pale pink, winter-hardy.

Most often, perennial varieties of daisies are grown in gardens, but annual daisies are also known.

Growing daisies in the garden

Daisies tolerate transplanting well at any age, even during flowering, and caring for them is not difficult. Flowering begins early in spring, sometimes as early as April. In hot summer, the inflorescences become smaller, lose their doubleness, and flowering quickly stops. In cool summers, it continues until late autumn. Sometimes perennial varieties of daisies go under the snow with buds. Leaves and buds covered with a snowdrift remain green all winter.

It is advisable to cover the planting of daisies in autumn with a layer of peat up to5 cmto protect against bulging during spring frosts. On light sandy soil, they especially need shelter with dry leaves, humus, peat. Daisies grow well on fairly heavy, moist, fertile soils. But on very damp ones they can freeze and rot. Plant care consists in abundant watering, thanks to which daisies can grow both in the sun and in partial shade. The flowering of daisies will be more abundant if they are given mineral supplements. On the1 square meter required potash fertilizers 8-10 g, phosphoric – 25-30 g, nitrogen – 15 g.

Propagation of daisies: sowing, cuttings, division

Daisies are propagated by seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush.

Planting daisy seeds begins in early July. Seeds are very small, seedlings appear in 10-14 days, they dive or thin out, leaving a feeding area of ​​10×10 cm. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in August. Growing daisies from seeds gives semi-double inflorescences in some plants, so large-flowered varieties are best propagated by cuttings or dividing the bush.

The cuttings of the bush are carried out in May-June on shaded ridges. In biennial plants, small lateral shoots with several leaves are carefully separated with a knife. The cuttings take root within 2 weeks, the next year they already begin to bloom.

Biennial daisy bushes are divided into 4-6 parts, into which, usually, when digging, the bush falls apart on its own, because its stems die off in the core. Young delenki quickly take root and, without prejudice to the development of the plant, continue to bloom.

Blooming daisies are very beautiful in various flower beds, these flowers have become frequent guests of flower beds, since it is not difficult to grow them. They are good on the balcony, veranda, loggia. In pots, daisies serve as a wonderful decoration for rooms. Giant varieties are used in cutting, from which you can create beautiful small boutonniere bouquets. By knowing how to grow daisies, you can easily turn your garden into a blooming oasis.

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