Cultivation of cabbage in open ground

cultivation of cabbage in open ground Blog

Large agro-industrial enterprises have been successfully growing cabbage in huge quantities for years. An ordinary summer resident, of course, does not need a lot of vegetables – every hundred square meters counts. And I want to use every piece of land for good.

As we discussed earlier, growing cabbage starts with choosing varieties and the right seeds. Most of the space on the site should be allocated to late-ripening cabbage. It is stored for a long time and is suitable for eating all winter and spring. If you follow the sowing dates and take into account the characteristics of your region, then you can eat fresh cabbage almost all year round. For example, in the Urals, it will not be possible to grow cabbage using a seedless method – it will not have time to reach technical maturity. In other regions, planting cabbage with seedlings and seedless method is acceptable. 

Cabbage is a cold-resistant plant, however, if the temperature is too low, the plants will die.

Cabbage: cultivation and care

Cabbage is a rather capricious vegetable. It does not grow everywhere, it is subject to many diseases and pests, and if the varieties are selected incorrectly, the harvest will be weak. Growing cabbage outdoors is time consuming. And it will take a lot of strength!

Preparation of a place for cabbage should begin in the fall. The soil is fertilized with manure or rotted straw, dug up, released from weeds. In the spring, you should additionally fertilize the cabbage bed with peat and wood ash. Many summer residents fertilize the beds with manure in the spring. But if it is too fresh, the plants may suffer. About 2 cups of ash and one bucket of peat are taken per 1 square meter. Components can be thoroughly mixed to reduce preparation time. Now the earth needs to be dug up.

Soil acidity

For planting cabbage, you should choose even and bright areas without shading. The soil should be soft, light, well fertilized with humus and always with a slightly acidic reaction. To check the acidity of the soil, special devices can be used – they are always on sale in specialized stores and markets. The acidity of 6.7-7.4 units is considered optimal for the growth and development of cabbage. If this indicator is less, then the pH of your soil is too high: the plants will get sick, grow and develop poorly, and produce a small crop. By the way, beets and cabbage suffer the most from high acidity.

The first sign of high soil acidity is the presence of a large amount of horsetail on the site. Buttercups, pikulnik, belous and other weeds actively grow in such areas.

The most common lime helps to reduce acidity. You need to make it in the fall, dig up the site and in the spring it will be ready for planting cabbage. If the acidity is high and you do not lower it, the plants will suffer from clubroot and other diseases.

White cabbage predecessors

Cabbage cannot be grown in one place for more than two years, although some summer residents do this for three years and five years. In such cases, plants often get sick, are affected by pests and clubroot, and productivity inevitably falls.

Cabbage grows well after legumes and grains. Most often it is planted after beans and peas. If cabbage is planted after onions or garlic, then the plants will hurt much less. Precursors such as cucumbers, root crops and potatoes are allowed.

By the way, the principle of tops and roots works simply amazingly in agriculture. Alternate planting vegetables depending on the type. For example, plant root crops (potatoes, beets, carrots) for one year, and next season give this place to plants that yield “tops” (cabbage, beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, etc.).

Agrotechnics of cultivation

cabbage seedlingsPlanting seedlings is carried out on pre-prepared beds. Early varieties of cabbage should be planted only after the leaves on the birches have reached the size of a penny. If planted earlier, then it is likely that the plants will suffer from the cold.

Remember that seedlings should have up to 5-8 true leaves. If there are fewer of them, the plant has not yet grown stronger, and it will take a long time to recover after transplantation. If more – does not form a head and will issue an arrow. Seedlings should be a little sluggish so that they do not break when planting.

The scheme of planting cabbage depends on the timing of ripening and variety. Early ripe varieties can be safely planted every 50 cm in the length of the beds and about 30 cm in width. Plants form small heads, so they do not need much space. Mid-season and late-ripening varieties are giants, and therefore between them you need to leave about 65 cm in length and about 50-70 in width. You can reduce the distance only in one case – if you plant cabbages in beards. The harvest will be large if you shower the plants in a timely manner.

Early varieties of cabbage for consumption in late July – August should be planted in the ground with seedlings no later than April 20. For an earlier harvest, planting should be taken care of even earlier and seedlings should be planted before April 10. So that she does not catch a cold and does not die, each plant can be covered with a cropped plastic bottle. Late varieties of cabbage are allowed to be planted until June 10.

Plants when planting are deepened to the first true leaf. When watering, do not forget to sprinkle a puddle of water with dry earth. This must be done so that crusts do not form on the surface of the soil.

Caring for cabbage is easy. It consists of systematic loosening, watering and weed removal. Plants need to spud 2-3 times per season. Adding earth to the roots will cause additional roots to grow, and the heads will turn out to be larger.

As the cabbage grows, it requires more and more moisture. The balance of moisture in the soil must always be maintained. If there is too much water, the heads will begin to crack. We deliberately will not specify watering rates. The consumption of moisture in plants, of course, is one, but the rate of drying of an earthen coma depends on the type of soil. In peaty areas, moisture can hold for 5 days, and in sandy areas it will disappear by morning.

To accelerate the growth of cabbage, carry out regular feeding of plants. Feed the plants with mineral fertilizers for the first time 10 days after planting. After another three weeks, add potassium chloride to fertilizers.

Sometimes cabbage is fed with a ten-day infusion of mullein. The measure is very effective, it increases productivity, but only a small part of summer residents will be able to find manure.

Cabbage should be harvested as the heads of cabbage ripen. Make sure they don’t crack. The more carefully and accurately you remove the heads of cabbage, the longer they will be stored. Late varieties of cabbage can be left on the site until the first serious frost. If the varieties are bitter, then a slight frost will eliminate this flaw. In this case, the plants themselves will not suffer. 

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