Carpathian bell is a perennial plant of the bell family. Grows on the slopes of mountains. Height up to 30 cm, bush diameter 25-30 cm. Thin graceful stems crowned with fragrant single flowers with a diameter of 4.5 cm, directed upwards. The leaves are rounded, located at the roots, collected in a rosette. Leaves growing on stems are egg-shaped.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
The seeds of this plant have a capricious disposition. In order to grow seedlings from seeds, they must be properly prepared. We start training in February. The seeds selected for sowing are mixed with sand for more uniform sowing, and sown on the surface of a pre-prepared soil mixture consisting of:
- 6 servings of sod land;
- 3 servings of humus;
- 1 portion of sand.
The prepared soil is poured into a plastic container with a transparent lid and the obligatory presence of holes at the bottom to remove excess moisture from the soil. Seeds are scattered over the surface, lightly pressing with the palm of your hand.
The container is installed in a well-lit place near heating appliances. The temperature should be +20 degrees. Seeds are periodically moistened and ventilated. Warm up the seeds for a month.
After hardening is completed, the seed container is placed on the windowsill. Before germination, the lid of the container is opened daily for 10 minutes to ventilate the seedlings and moisten the soil. For this, it is better to use a spray gun. Water for irrigation should be settled and warm.
It is necessary to dive seedlings as soon as the first leaves appear. To make seedlings less injured, it is recommended to transplant them in groups of 3-4 pieces. After picking, seedlings need moderate watering.
Two weeks after transplantation, seedlings must be fed with complex mineral fertilizers. By this time, the seedlings will adapt to the new place and their root system will get a little stronger.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Sowing seeds in open ground is carried out in the second decade of October or in May. The soil mixture for planting seeds should consist of soddy soil, peat and sand. The soil should be light, loose, well breathable.
Since the seeds are too small, they are laid out without sprinkling on the surface of the soil. Seeds sown before winter will give the first shoots two weeks after the ground thaws. Spring crops in 10-12 days. When the first leaves appear in the seedlings, they are seated according to the scheme 10×10 cm.
Care of seedlings in the garden
In the garden, the plant is cared for as follows:
- Watering is carried out only during prolonged heat. Water consumption per 1 plant bush is 10 liters.
- Loosening and weeding is performed after each watering. This will prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil and the formation of a crust on the soil surface, which prevents the penetration of oxygen to the roots of the plant.
- The first dressing is applied in early spring before the snow melts. During this period, it is recommended to apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers. The second top dressing is carried out during the formation of buds. For these purposes, complex mineral fertilizers are used.
- The next year after transplantation, it is necessary to prune faded inflorescences to prevent self-sowing of seeds. The seed pods are harvested before they darken and open. The collected seed pods can be buried in the ground after collection for the purpose of reproduction. Pruning dry inflorescences prolongs the flowering period of bluebells. If, after the end of the flowering period, the flower stalks are cut short, then in a month the plant will resume flowering.
- In extreme heat, to prevent rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil, it is recommended to perform mulching. When the plant grows on rocky hills, mulching is not necessary.
- The bell does not respond well to the presence of weeds on the beds, so it must be removed immediately after it appears.
Reproduction of the Carpathian bell
In addition to the seed method, you can propagate the bell:
- with the help of cuttings;
- dividing the bush.
To obtain cuttings, the plant is grown at a temperature of 10 degrees. Cuttings are cut during the spring period. Each cutting should be 3 cm long and have one or two buds.
For rooting cuttings, a soil mixture is prepared, taken in equal parts:
- sod land;
The cuttings are buried in the soil mixture and the surface is covered with sand, with a layer of at least 2 cm, watered, seedlings are irrigated with a spray gun and covered with polyethylene. Polyethylene is removed daily for ventilation and irrigation of cuttings. The rooting process lasts for three weeks.
Plants 3-5 years old are suitable for dividing the bush. It is recommended to carry out this procedure in early May, or in the second decade of August. The mother bush is carefully dug up, all the shoots are cut off and the rhizome is divided into several parts with a sharp knife. Delenki are planted in pre-prepared shallow holes and watered well.
Bell in landscape design
In landscape design, the Carpathian bell is used to decorate alpine hills, planting it in combination:
- with a quarry ;
- young .
In rockeries for a bell, good neighbors will be:
- carnation – grass;
- iberis ;
- phlox subulate.
Varieties and varieties of the Carpathian bellflower
Among the most popular varieties are the following:
- Alba – blooms with bright white flowers;
- Blue Clips – bush height up to 20 cm, easy to care for. Blue flowers up to 5 cm in diameter;
- Karpatenkrone – inflorescences have a pale lilac or purple color;
- Isabelle – blooms with bright blue flowers;
- White Star – white flowers;
- Celestina – bright blue flowers.
The most popular varieties are white and blue Gnome. Bush of small size, rounded shape. Flowers solitary, funnel-shaped, white or blue. The flowering period depends on the neighborhood with other plants. Matches well:
- with cloves;
Used to decorate:
Carpathian bell – simple and unpretentious in care, can forever settle in your garden, and delight the gardener with its bright and extraordinary beauty and magnificent aroma.