Cabbage: the best types and varieties

cabbage the best types and varieties Blog

Site selection

The location of the beds should be sunny and warm, the soil and air should be moist. According to the composition, the soil should be selected loamy and sandy, with a neutral pH of 6.8-7.2. The earth must be sufficiently fertilized with humus. The land plot has been prepared since autumn: we apply lime fertilizers. In the spring, they fertilize only with organic matter and, when planting, add a mixture of: 1 tsp. urea, 2 tbsp. l. superphosphate and 2 tbsp. ash.

predecessors

Gives high yields after: cucumbers, cereals, legumes, potatoes and onions. But after radish, turnip, radish, cabbage and tomato, you can grow cauliflower only after 4 years.

Seed preparation

seeds

The seed material is kept for 15 minutes in water at a temperature of 50°C. Then you need to lower it for 1.5 minutes in cool water. The seeds should also be kept for 12 hours in a solution with microelement compositions, after which they are washed and placed in the refrigerator for a day.

Growing seedlings

  1. The soil. To grow seedlings, prepare a substrate from: peat, sand and sod land in a ratio of 1:1:1. Avoid using garden soil and humus as plants can be infected with blackleg.
  2. Landing dates . For early varieties, the period of sowing seeds begins from March 5 to March 10, for later varieties, sowing can begin in March 10-20. If it is not possible to grow seedlings, seeds are sown under a film in April.
  3. Seedling container. Mostly use boxes with dimensions of 100x300x500 mm.
  4. Sowing seeds. First of all, we lay out drainage from small stones in a container, then fill it with a soil mixture – level it, compact it and moisten it. We cut the grooves to a depth of 5 mm, the width between the rows is 30 mm. Spread the seeds with a distance of 10 mm, cover with soil a little on top and slightly compact.

seedling care

  • The room temperature is maintained +20-25°C. With the advent of seedlings, it is reduced for a week to + 10 ° C. Further, again increase the heat to + 15-17 ° C during the day and at night to + 9-10 ° C. The temperature should not be raised higher, as the heads will form too early.
  • Watering is carried out moderately, excess moisture will lead to the appearance of a black leg, and a lack of water will lead to small heads. The first 4-5 days from the date of sowing, the soil is irrigated with a spray gun.
  • Picking is carried out after 2 weeks (sometimes on days 9-10), planting sprouts in separate cups with dimensions of 8 × 8 cm. Seedlings are deepened to cotyledon leaves. Within 3 days, from the day of picking, the temperature is maintained within + 19-20 ° C, after which it is reduced to + 16-17 ° C during the day and to + 9-10 ° C at night.
  • Top dressing. With the advent of the first pair of true leaves, feed: 0.5 tsp. complex trace elements are diluted in 1 liter of settled water, and spray the sprouts. The second dressing is carried out before hardening. We prepare the mixture: 0.15 g – molybdic acid ammonium, 0.2 g – boric acid, 0.15 g – copper sulfate – we dilute in 1 liter of water. The last, foliar, top dressing is carried out when heads the size of a walnut are formed: 1 tbsp is diluted in 10 liters of water. l. potassium sulfate, 1 tbsp. l. urea.
seedlings of cauliflower

Seedling transplant

Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place begins: for early varieties – in the first days of May, for late ones – from the second half of May. Two weeks before transplantation, harden plants: the container is taken out into the street during the daytime. Watering is stopped 5-7 days before transplanting into open ground. On the day of transshipment, seedlings are abundantly watered with water at room temperature. Transplanted plants must be protected with a film, since night frosts are still possible. Plants are closed up to real leaves, it should, in the first 2-3 days, create shading in the area with cabbage.

Outdoor cabbage care

How to water cabbage

Watering is carried out moderately once a week with settled water. After mulching plantings with organic matter, it is possible to reduce the watering of cabbage.

Necessary Care

Loosening is carried out after heavy rains and watering, to a depth of 6-7 cm. The first hilling is performed after 20 days in the field of planting seedlings, the second – after the next 10 days. We carry out top dressing 20 days after planting in the form of: liquid mullein or other appropriate fertilizer suitable for this variety. Dusting is carried out using wood ash, in a ratio of 1 tbsp. per 1 m2, this will allow for additional feeding and prevention from pests.

When to harvest ?

Cauliflower

Harvesting is carried out depending on the varietal qualities of the vegetable. Early types are harvested after 2-3 months, at the end of June and beginning of July; average after 100-130 days, from mid-July; late – 5 months, August-September. Heads are cut off when they reach a diameter of up to 10-12 cm. Too overgrown heads quickly turn yellow, become loose and are no longer suitable for food. The heads that have reached maturity should not be on the plant, therefore, sampling is carried out every 2-3 days. If there is a problem with harvesting, then you can cover the heads of cabbage from the sun – this will slow down the ripening process.

The cut is carried out with care with a sharp knife, capturing a few lower leaves. If the crop should be stored for some time, the vegetables are pulled out along with the roots. And, if it so happened that the cabbage did not ripen, and the weather conditions deteriorated, then it is removed along with the roots, and placed either in a greenhouse or in a cellar, but, always without access to sunlight for growing. For such a process, heads of cabbage must have at least 20 leaves and be 5 cm in diameter. The harvested crop is harvested in cool bins without access to sunlight. Storage on the street is excluded, vegetables will lose their nutritional and commercial value.

Types and varieties of cabbageCabbage

Cauliflower variety – Snow globe

Characteristics of cauliflower – Snow globe:

  • The variety is early, from the day the seedlings are planted, the yield comes in no more than 60-65 days. And in total, the entire period lasts 110 days.
  • The shape of the fruit is classic, slightly flat. Beautiful dense heads.
  • Head weight: average, 650-850 gr, rarely – 1.2 kg.
  • Color: white.
  • Productivity: 2-4 kg/m2.
  • Taste qualities: excellent taste, consumed fresh immediately after harvesting, subject to conservation.
  • Features of agricultural technology: loves abundant watering, resistance to temperature extremes
  • Distinctive qualities: high yields in a short period of time; fast adaptation; tolerates unstable weather; suitable for open ground and greenhouse cultivation; can be planted densely.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases: high.
  • Disadvantages: growing only with the help of seedlings, low yield.Cauliflower

Cauliflower variety – Movir-74

Characteristics of cauliflower – Movir-74:

  • Hybrid – early.
  • The outlet size is average 45-95 cm.
  • The shape of the fruit is flattened-round or rounded, with a diameter of 12-25 cm.
  • Head weight: 400-1400 gr.
  • Color: white, light yellow (rare).
  • Head surface: bumpy.
  • Productivity: up to 4 kg/m2.
  • Taste qualities: good taste, canned and fresh.
  • Features of agricultural technology: likes abundant watering; resistance to temperature changes.
  • Distinctive qualities: it is possible to get two harvests per year.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases: low, suffers from bacteriosis.Cauliflower

Description of the variety and characteristics of cabbage – Koza Dereza

Characteristics of cauliflower – Koza Dereza:

  • The variety is high-yielding, with good taste and commercial qualities.
  • Ripens 53-70 days after planting seedlings.
  • The shape of the fruit is round, medium in size.
  • Head mass, structure: 600-800 gr, rarely up to 2 kg; not crumbly, tender, dense.
  • Colour: white, sometimes yellowish.
  • Head surface: leveled heads.
  • Taste qualities: excellent taste properties, recommended for use by children under one year old.
  • Features of agricultural technology: the variety is demanding on the composition of the soil, it is necessary to fertilize and fertilize the land during cultivation; capricious culture – deviation from agricultural standards will lead to crop loss.
  • Distinctive qualities: seedlings grow very well and evenly; planted in the ground from the second half of April; stable harvest; cold hardy variety.
  • Pest and disease resistance: Moderately resistant to major diseases.Cauliflower

The most famous late varieties of cauliflower

The best of the late varieties are considered: high-yielding Cortes F1, hybrid Amerigo F1, Adler winter, Sochi, Adler spring.

The best varieties and seeds for cauliflower

  • Early, with a ripening period of 115-125 days: Snowball, Alpha, Koza Dereza, Movir, Guarantee, Abbeker, Snowball, Express.
  • Mid-season, with a ripening period of 136-145 days: Autumn giant, Flora Blanca, White head, Bora.
  • Late, with a ripening period of 160-170 days: Cortes F1, Amerigo F
  1. white beauty,
  2. Flora Blanca,

Express – the best variety of early cabbage

Characteristics of early cabbage – Express:

  • The variety is early ripe, the crop can be harvested 55-60 days after planting seedlings, which are planted from the first days of May.
  • The size of the outlet is small.
  • Head weight: small heads, 300-500 gr.
  • Colour: white with a yellowish tint.
  • Head surface: inflorescences are well distinguishable.
  • Productivity: 1.5 kg/m2.
  • Taste qualities: it has the best taste qualities of all other early-ripening varieties.
  • Features of agricultural technology: it is better to grow this variety under the film.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases: resistant to bacteriosis.
  • Disadvantages: low resistance to pests of cabbage.Cabbage

The best varieties and hybrids of white cabbage for Siberia

  • Early, with a ripening period of 115-125 days: June, Transfer F1, Kazachok F1, Kevin F1, Artost F1, Invento F1, Zarya, Dumas, Gribovsky.
  • Medium early, with a ripening period of 126-135 days: Rotunda F1, Bronco F1
  • Mid-season, with a ripening period of 136-145 days: Tobia F1, Semko Jubilee 217 F1, Sat 3 F1 (Slava 1305 x Belorusskaya 455), Rinda F.
  • Medium-late, with a ripening period of 146-159 days: Thomas F1, Megaton F1, Devotor F1, Florin.
  • Late, with a ripening period of 160-170 days: Kolobok F1, Valentine, Prestige F1, Extra.

Broccoli cabbage variety – Vitamin

Characteristics of broccoli cabbage – Vitamin:

  • The variety is early, the ripening period is 90 days from the date of planting seedlings, or 110 days from the date of sowing with seeds.
  • Head mass: small, up to 300 g, diameter 40-45 cm.
  • Color: dark green.
  • Productivity: 2.4 kg/m2.
  • Taste qualities: suitable for eating raw and processed.
  • Distinctive qualities: the opportunity to get two crops: the first time seedlings are planted at the end of April, and the second time – in mid-June (harvest in September).
  • Disadvantages: observe the seasonality of harvesting, because heads of cabbage deteriorate very quickly.Broccoli

Broccoli variety – Caesar F1

Characteristics of Chinese cabbage – Caesar F1:

  • The variety is medium early, grows very quickly – you can grow several crops even in the Siberian climate. From the moment of emergence of seedlings to the first harvest, 95-100 days pass.
  • The size of the outlet is large, up to 15 cm in diameter.
  • Head weight: 300-450 gr.
  • Colour: Dark green with purple hues.
  • Head surface: convex shape, very dense heads.
  • Taste qualities: very popular due to its excellent taste properties. Suitable for canning and freezing for storage.
  • Features of agricultural technology: grown by seedlings or sowing seeds in open ground. Seeds sprout together and grow evenly. To achieve large heads, it is necessary to form a powerful trunk on time, while the seedlings are planted deeply. They form a high earthen collar around the trunk, often loosen and fertilize. From this plate will develop more powerfully.
  • Pest and disease resistance: Good disease resistance.
  • Distinctive qualities: after cutting the head of cabbage, a new ovary is formed with a diameter of 5 cm. It is stored for a long time. The plant reaches a height of up to 70 cm. It is well transported and stored.Broccoli

This variety of cabbage is recommended to be eaten as a prophylaxis against cancerous tumors. It contains: amino acids – tryptophan, isoleucine, lysine; 6% vegetable protein; minerals – iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium; vitamins – folic acid, provitamin A, U, K, PP; cellulose. In terms of protein content, it can be attributed to products such as beef and eggs. This variety of broccoli contains cholesterol-lowering substances – methionine and choline.

Beijing cabbage variety – Orange mandarin

Characteristics of Chinese cabbage – Orange mandarin

  • The variety is very early, it can be cultivated throughout the summer period. In favorable conditions, the crop begins to be harvested after 40 days.
  • Rosette size – leaves up to 45 cm in diameter
  • Head weight: small, about 1 kg. Under excellent cultivation conditions, the weight can reach up to 2-3 kg.
  • Color: the outer leaves are light green, on the cut, the core is bright orange.
  • Head surface: juicy, dense.
  • Taste qualities: excellent taste characteristics, suitable for salads, sweetish in taste.
  • Distinctive qualities: suitable for growing in Siberia, tolerates adverse climatic conditions.Chinese cabbage

Beijing cabbage variety – Vesnyanka

Characteristics of Beijing cabbage – Vesnyanka:

  • Variety – lettuce, very early ripening. Only 30-35 days pass from planting seeds to harvesting.
  • Head weight: 200-250g.
  • Yield: kg/m2.
  • Taste qualities: juicy, suitable for salads, contains vitamin C in large quantities.
  • Distinctive qualities: it is steady against tsvetushnost.Chinese cabbage

Varieties of Beijing and ornamental cabbage for Siberia:

  • Beijing cabbage:  Russian size, Cha-Cha, Orange tangerine, Yuki F1, Richie F1, Pomegranate, Hydra F1, Vorozheya, Asten, Nika, Vesnyanka, Glass, Gorki F1.
  • Ornamental cabbage:  Victoria, Sparkle, Colors of the East, Corporal, Robin, Autumn Waltz, Mosbach light green
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