Brussels sprouts – planting, care and cultivation

brussels sprouts planting care and cultivation Blog

This cabbage is more nutritious than white cabbage. Small cabbages contain three times more vitamin C, PP – twice as much as white cabbage. The vegetable produces more proteins, mineral salts, little fiber. Especially a lot of it contains potassium salts, which are necessary for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Brussels sprouts are used boiled, fried, stewed for second courses and pickled for soups. This cabbage can be dried and frozen, as its products are more tender than white ones. Brussels sprouts are moisture-loving plants and grow well in high-fertility soils. Planting and maintenance is easy. It is frost-resistant, withstands autumn frosts down to -8-10°C.

planting brussels sprouts

There are no early varieties of the vegetable. Of the medium late ones, Hercules-1342 is considered the best with a stem height of 30-50 cm, on which 20-30 heads of cabbage are formed, twisted from corrugated leaves. Vegetation period up to 160 days from planting seeds to harvest.

For seeds, Brussels sprouts are selected with dense heads of cabbage, normally developed. In selected queen cells, all leaves are cut off, except for the apical ones. The mother liquors are stored in the basement, rooted in the sand.

Before planting, the seed plants are grown by dropping them into greenhouses 2 weeks before planting, and then they are planted in the ground at a distance of 70 cm between rows and 40-50 cm between plants in rows. They bloom and ripen earlier than white cabbage seed plants. The care of Brussels sprouts seed plants is the same as for white cabbage testes. The yield from one plant reaches 250-300 g. This type of cabbage has a very long growing season, so in order to grow it, seedlings are prepared in greenhouses or greenhouses from the end of March, and they are planted in open ground at the end of May with a feeding area of ​​50×50 or 70×70 cm. This crop is placed on the 3rd-4th year after the introduction of fresh organic fertilizer. With abundant fertilizer, and especially on fresh manure, Brussels sprouts grow strongly foliage,

How to grow Brussels sprouts

Plant care consists in weeding and loosening the soil. Plants do not spud, watered once a week at the rate of 12-14 liters of water per 1 m2. To speed up the cultivation and formation of dense heads of cabbage, at the beginning of their formation, about 1-1.5 months before harvesting, the apical bud is removed (topping is done). This cabbage is harvested in late October – early November. The stems are cut down near the ground and carried into heaps, then the leaves are separated. For current use, sprouts are broken out and placed in small baskets. Heads of cabbage separated from the stem quickly wither, and those left on the stem with the leaves removed can be stored until spring. For storage during the winter, the plants are dug up before frost and kept tilted in the sand in cellars. Use as needed.

In an apartment or in a country house, sprouts, together with the stem, are placed in plastic bags and stored in a cold place at a temperature of + 1 ° C for two months.

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